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Studying the Fault-Detection Effectiveness of GUI Test Cases for Rapidly Evolving Software
October 2005 (vol. 31 no. 10)
pp. 884-896
Atif M. Memon, IEEE Computer Society
Qing Xie, IEEE
Software is increasingly being developed/maintained by multiple, often geographically distributed developers working concurrently. Consequently, rapid-feedback-based quality assurance mechanisms such as daily builds and smoke regression tests, which help to detect and eliminate defects early during software development and maintenance, have become important. This paper addresses a major weakness of current smoke regression testing techniques, i.e., their inability to automatically (re)test graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Several contributions are made to the area of GUI smoke testing. First, the requirements for GUI smoke testing are identified and a GUI smoke test is formally defined as a specialized sequence of events. Second, a GUI smoke regression testing process called Daily Automated Regression Tester (DART) that automates GUI smoke testing is presented. Third, the interplay between several characteristics of GUI smoke test suites including their size, fault detection ability, and test oracles is empirically studied. The results show that: 1) the entire smoke testing process is feasible in terms of execution time, storage space, and manual effort, 2) smoke tests cannot cover certain parts of the application code, 3) having comprehensive test oracles may make up for not having long smoke test cases, and 4) using certain oracles can make up for not having large smoke test suites.

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Index Terms:
Index Terms- Smoke testing, GUI testing, test oracles, empirical studies, regression testing.
Atif M. Memon, Qing Xie, "Studying the Fault-Detection Effectiveness of GUI Test Cases for Rapidly Evolving Software," IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 884-896, Oct. 2005, doi:10.1109/TSE.2005.117
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