Issue No.11 - November (2003 vol.29)
<p><b>Abstract</b>—A formal definition for the semantics of the Whole-Part relationship in the Unified Modeling Language (UML) is introduced. This paper reports some discrepancies and proposes solutions to these discrepancies.</p>
Object-oriented modeling, UML, Whole-Part relationship, aggregation, composition.
Hee Beng Kuan Tan, Yong Yang, "On Formalization of the Whole-Part Relationship in the Unified Modeling Language", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol.29, no. 11, pp. 1054-1055, November 2003, doi:10.1109/TSE.2003.1245307