Issue No.04 - July (1978 vol.4)
L.H. Putnam , Space Division, Information Systems Programs, General Electric Company
Application software development has been an area of organizational effort that has not been amenable to the normal managerial and cost controls. Instances of actual costs of several times the initial budgeted cost, and a time to initial operational capability sometimes twice as long as planned are more often the case than not.
software sizing, Application software estimating, quantitative software life-cycle management, sizing and scheduling large scale software pro-jects, software life-cycle costing
L.H. Putnam, "A General Empirical Solution to the Macro Software Sizing and Estimating Problem", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol.4, no. 4, pp. 345-361, July 1978, doi:10.1109/TSE.1978.231521