The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.02 - March-April (2014 vol.11)
pp: 181-192
Yang Qin , FaceBook, Menlo Park
Dijiang Huang , Arizona State University, Tempe
Bing Li , Arizona State University, Tempe
Many anonymity enhancing techniques have been proposed based on packet encryption to protect the communication anonymity of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). However, in this paper, we show that MANETs are still vulnerable under passive statistical traffic analysis attacks. To demonstrate how to discover the communication patterns without decrypting the captured packets, we present a novel statistical traffic pattern discovery system (STARS). STARS works passively to perform traffic analysis based on statistical characteristics of captured raw traffic. STARS is capable of discovering the sources, the destinations, and the end-to-end communication relations. Empirical studies demonstrate that STARS achieves good accuracy in disclosing the hidden traffic patterns.
Ad hoc networks, Mobile computing, Probability distribution, Routing, Receivers, Mobile nodes,statistical traffic analysis, Anonymous communication, mobile ad hoc networks
Yang Qin, Dijiang Huang, Bing Li, "STARS: A Statistical Traffic Pattern Discovery System for MANETs", IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing, vol.11, no. 2, pp. 181-192, March-April 2014, doi:10.1109/TDSC.2013.33
[1] J. Kong, X. Hong, and M. Gerla, "An Identity-Free and On-Demand Routing Scheme against Anonymity Threats in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," IEEE Trans. Mobile Computing, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 888-902, Aug. 2007.
[2] Y. Zhang, W. Liu, W. Lou, and Y. Fang, "MASK: Anonymous On-Demand Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," IEEE Trans. Wireless Comm., vol. 5, no. 9, pp. 2376-2385, Sept. 2006.
[3] Y. Qin and D. Huang, "OLAR: On-Demand Lightweight Anonymous Routing in MANETs," Proc. Fourth Int'l Conf. Mobile Computing and Ubiquitous Networking (ICMU '08), pp. 72-79, 2008.
[4] M. Blaze, J. Ioannidis, A. Keromytis, T. Malkin, and A. Rubin, "WAR: Wireless Anonymous Routing," Proc. Int'l Conf. Security Protocols, pp. 218-232, 2005.
[5] A. Boukerche, K. El-Khatib, L. Xu, and L. Korba, "SDAR: A Secure Distributed Anonymous Routing Protocol for Wireless and Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," Proc. IEEE 29th Ann. Int'l Conf. Local Computer Networks (LCN '04), pp. 618-624, 2004.
[6] S. Seys and B. Preneel, "ARM: Anonymous Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," Proc. IEEE 20th Int'l Conf. Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (AINA Workshops '06), pp. 133-137, 2006.
[7] R. Shokri, M. Yabandeh, and N. Yazdani, "Anonymous Routing in MANET Using Random Identifiers," Proc. Sixth Int'l Conf. Networking (ICN '07), p. 2, 2007.
[8] R. Song, L. Korba, and G. Yee, "AnonDSR: Efficient Anonymous Dynamic Source Routing for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks," Proc. Third ACM Workshop Security of Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks (SASN '05), pp. 33-42, 2005.
[9] M. Reed, P. Syverson, and D. Goldschlag, "Anonymous Connections and Onion Routing," IEEE J. Selected Areas in Comm., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 482-494, May 2002.
[10] D. Chaum, "Untraceable Electronic Mail, Return Addresses, and Digital Pseudonyms," Comm. ACM, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 84-88, 1981.
[11] J. Raymond, "Traffic Analysis: Protocols, Attacks, Design Issues, and Open Problems," Proc. Int'l Workshop Designing Privacy Enhancing Technologies: Design Issues in Anonymity and Unobservability, pp. 10-29, 2001.
[12] W. Dai, "Two Attacks against a PipeNet-Like Protocol Once Used by the Freedom Service," http://weidai.comfreedom- attacks.txt, 2013.
[13] X. Wang, S. Chen, and S. Jajodia, "Network Flow Watermarking Attack on Low-Latency Anonymous Communication Systems," Proc. IEEE Symp. Security and Privacy, pp. 116-130, 2007.
[14] M. Reiter and A. Rubin, "Crowds: Anonymity for Web Transactions," ACM Trans. Information and System Security, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 66-92, 1998.
[15] M. Wright, M. Adler, B. Levine, and C. Shields, "The Predecessor Attack: An Analysis of a Threat to Anonymous Communications Systems," ACM Trans. Information and System Security, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 489-522, 2004.
[16] D. Figueiredo, P. Nain, and D. Towsley, "On the Analysis of the Predecessor Attack on Anonymity Systems," technical report, Computer Science, pp. 04-65, 2004.
[17] G. Danezis, "Statistical Disclosure Attacks: Traffic Confirmation in Open Environments," Proc. Security and Privacy in the Age of Uncertainty (SEC '03), vol. 122, pp. 421-426, 2003.
[18] G. Danezis and A. Serjantov, "Statistical Disclosure or Intersection Attacks on Anonymity Systems," Proc. Sixth Information Hiding Workshop (IH '04), pp. 293-308, 2004.
[19] G. Danezis, C. Diaz, and C. Troncoso, "Two-Sided Statistical Disclosure Attack," Proc. Seventh Int'l Conf. Privacy Enhancing Technologies, pp. 30-44, 2007.
[20] C. Troncoso, B. Gierlichs, B. Preneel, and I. Verbauwhede, "Perfect Matching Disclosure Attacks," Proc. Eighth Int'l Symp. Privacy Enhancing Technologies, pp. 2-23, 2008.
[21] D. Huang, "Unlinkability Measure for IEEE 802.11 Based MANETs," IEEE Trans. Wireless Comm., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1025-1034, Mar. 2008.
[22] D. Chaum, "The Dining Cryptographers Problem: Unconditional Sender and Recipient Untraceability," J. Cryptology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 65-75, 1988.
[23] T. He, H. Wong, and K. Lee, "Traffic Analysis in Anonymous MANETs," Proc. Military Comm. Conf. (MILCOM '08), pp. 1-7, 2008.
[24] Y. Liu, R. Zhang, J. Shi, and Y. Zhang, "Traffic Inference in Anonymous MANETs," Proc. IEEE Seventh Ann. Comm. Soc. Conf. Sensor Mesh and Ad Hoc Comm. and Networks (SECON '10), pp. 1-9, 2010.
[25] J. Wexler, "All About Wi-Fi Location Tracking," Network World, 2374all-about-wi-fi-location-tracking /, 2004.
[26] Scalable Network Tech nologies, "QualNet Simulator," http:/, 2008.
62 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool