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Issue No.07 - July (2014 vol.36)
pp: 1428-1441
Junseok Kwon , Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Automation and Systems Research Institute, Seoul National University, 1 Ganak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-744, South Korea
Kyoung Mu Lee , Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Automation and Systems Research Institute, Seoul National University, 1 Ganak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-744, South Korea
ABSTRACT
We propose the visual tracker sampler, a novel tracking algorithm that can work robustly in challenging scenarios, where several kinds of appearance and motion changes of an object can occur simultaneously. The proposed tracking algorithm accurately tracks a target by searching for appropriate trackers in each frame. Since the real-world tracking environment varies severely over time, the trackers should be adapted or newly constructed depending on the current situation, so that each specific tracker takes charge of a certain change in the object. To do this, our method obtains several samples of not only the states of the target but also the trackers themselves during the sampling process. The trackers are efficiently sampled using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method from the predefined tracker space by proposing new appearance models, motion models, state representation types, and observation types, which are the important ingredients of visual trackers. All trackers are then integrated into one compound tracker through an Interacting MCMC (IMCMC) method, in which the trackers interactively communicate with one another while running in parallel. By exchanging information with others, each tracker further improves its performance, thus increasing overall tracking performance. Experimental results show that our method tracks the object accurately and reliably in realistic videos, where appearance and motion drastically change over time, and outperforms even state-of-the-art tracking methods.
INDEX TERMS
Target tracking, Visualization, Robustness, Videos, Bayes methods, Lighting,visual tracking decomposition, Object tracking, abrupt motion, severe appearance change, interacting Markov Chain Monte Carlo, visual tracker sampler
CITATION
Junseok Kwon, Kyoung Mu Lee, "Tracking by Sampling and IntegratingMultiple Trackers", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol.36, no. 7, pp. 1428-1441, July 2014, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2013.213
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