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Variational Light Field Analysis for Disparity Estimation and Super-Resolution
March 2014 (vol. 36 no. 3)
pp. 606-619
Sven Wanner, Heidelberg Collaboratory for Image Processing (HCI), Heidelberg
Bastian Goldluecke, Heidelberg Collaboratory for Image Processing (HCI), Heidelberg
We develop a continuous framework for the analysis of 4D light fields, and describe novel variational methods for disparity reconstruction as well as spatial and angular super-resolution. Disparity maps are estimated locally using epipolar plane image analysis without the need for expensive matching cost minimization. The method works fast and with inherent subpixel accuracy since no discretization of the disparity space is necessary. In a variational framework, we employ the disparity maps to generate super-resolved novel views of a scene, which corresponds to increasing the sampling rate of the 4D light field in spatial as well as angular direction. In contrast to previous work, we formulate the problem of view synthesis as a continuous inverse problem, which allows us to correctly take into account foreshortening effects caused by scene geometry transformations. All optimization problems are solved with state-of-the-art convex relaxation techniques. We test our algorithms on a number of real-world examples as well as our new benchmark data set for light fields, and compare results to a multiview stereo method. The proposed method is both faster as well as more accurate. Data sets and source code are provided online for additional evaluation.
Index Terms:
Spatial resolution,Cameras,Estimation,Geometry,Tensile stress,Image reconstruction,variational methods,Light fields,epipolar plane images,3D reconstruction,super-resolution,view interpolation
Citation:
Sven Wanner, Bastian Goldluecke, "Variational Light Field Analysis for Disparity Estimation and Super-Resolution," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 606-619, March 2014, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2013.147
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