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Deep Hierarchies in the Primate Visual Cortex: What Can We Learn for Computer Vision?
Aug. 2013 (vol. 35 no. 8)
pp. 1847-1871
Norbert Kruger, University of Southern Denmark
Peter Janssen, KU Leuven, Leuven
Sinan Kalkan, Middle East Technical University, Ankara
Markus Lappe, Institute for Psychology of the University of Muenster, Muenster
Ales Leonardis, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana and University of Birmingham
Justus Piater, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck
Antonio J. Rodriguez-Sanchez, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck
Laurenz Wiskott, Institut fur Neuroinformatik at the Ruhr-Universitat, Bochum
Computational modeling of the primate visual system yields insights of potential relevance to some of the challenges that computer vision is facing, such as object recognition and categorization, motion detection and activity recognition, or vision-based navigation and manipulation. This paper reviews some functional principles and structures that are generally thought to underlie the primate visual cortex, and attempts to extract biological principles that could further advance computer vision research. Organized for a computer vision audience, we present functional principles of the processing hierarchies present in the primate visual system considering recent discoveries in neurophysiology. The hierarchical processing in the primate visual system is characterized by a sequence of different levels of processing (on the order of 10) that constitute a deep hierarchy in contrast to the flat vision architectures predominantly used in today's mainstream computer vision. We hope that the functional description of the deep hierarchies realized in the primate visual system provides valuable insights for the design of computer vision algorithms, fostering increasingly productive interaction between biological and computer vision research.
Index Terms:
Visualization,Computer vision,Visual systems,Retina,Organizations,Neurons,biological modeling,Computer vision,deep hierarchies
Citation:
Norbert Kruger, Peter Janssen, Sinan Kalkan, Markus Lappe, Ales Leonardis, Justus Piater, Antonio J. Rodriguez-Sanchez, Laurenz Wiskott, "Deep Hierarchies in the Primate Visual Cortex: What Can We Learn for Computer Vision?," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 1847-1871, Aug. 2013, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2012.272
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