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Motion-Based Motion Deblurring
June 2004 (vol. 26 no. 6)
pp. 689-698

Abstract—Motion blur due to camera motion can significantly degrade the quality of an image. Since the path of the camera motion can be arbitrary, deblurring of motion blurred images is a hard problem. Previous methods to deal with this problem have included blind restoration of motion blurred images, optical correction using stabilized lenses, and special cmos sensors that limit the exposure time in the presence of motion. In this paper, we exploit the fundamental trade off between spatial resolution and temporal resolution to construct a hybrid camera that can measure its own motion during image integration. The acquired motion information is used to compute a point spread function (psf) that represents the path of the camera during integration. This psf is then used to deblur the image. To verify the feasibility of hybrid imaging for motion deblurring, we have implemented a prototype hybrid camera. This prototype system was evaluated in different indoor and outdoor scenes using long exposures and complex camera motion paths. The results show that, with minimal resources, hybrid imaging outperforms previous approaches to the motion blur problem. We conclude with a brief discussion on how our ideas can be extended beyond the case of global camera motion to the case where individual objects in the scene move with different velocities.

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Index Terms:
Sharpening and deblurring, inverse filtering, motion, motion blur, point spread function, resolution, hybrid imaging.
Moshe Ben-Ezra, Shree K. Nayar, "Motion-Based Motion Deblurring," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 689-698, June 2004, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2004.1
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