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Similarity and Symmetry Measures for Convex Shapes Using Minkowski Addition
September 1998 (vol. 20 no. 9)
pp. 980-993

Abstract—This paper is devoted to similarity and symmetry measures for convex shapes whose definition is based on Minkowski addition and the Brunn-Minkowski inequality. This means, in particular, that these measures are region-based, in contrast to most of the literature, where one considers contour-based measures. All measures considered in this paper are invariant under translations; furthermore, they can be chosen to be invariant under rotations, multiplications, reflections, or the class of affine transformations. It is shown that the mixed volume of a convex polygon and a rotation of another convex polygon over an angle θ is a piecewise concave function of θ. This and other results of a similar nature form the basis for the development of efficient algorithms for the computation of the given measures. Various results obtained in this paper are illustrated by experimental data. Although the paper deals exclusively with the two-dimensional case, many of the theoretical results carry over almost directly to higher-dimensional spaces.

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Index Terms:
Similarity measure, symmetry measure, convex set, Minkowski addition, Brunn-Minkowski inequality.
Henk J.A.M. Heijmans, Alexander V. Tuzikov, "Similarity and Symmetry Measures for Convex Shapes Using Minkowski Addition," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 980-993, Sept. 1998, doi:10.1109/34.713363
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