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Seeing Behind the Scene: Analysis of Photometric Properties of Occluding Edges by the Reversed Projection Blurring Model
February 1998 (vol. 20 no. 2)
pp. 155-167

Abstract—This paper analyzes photometric properties of occluding edges and proves that an object surface behind a nearer object is partially observable beyond the occluding edges. We first discuss a limitation of the image blurring model using the convolution, and then present an optical flux based blurring model named the reversed projection blurring (RPB) model. Unlike the multicomponent blurring model proposed by Nguyen et al., the RPB model enables us to explore the optical phenomena caused by a shift-variant point spread function that appears at a depth discontinuity. Using the RPB model, theoretical analysis of occluding edge properties are given and two characteristic phenomena are shown: (1) a blurred occluding edge produces the same brightness profiles as would be predicted for a surface edge on the occluding object when the occluded surface radiance is uniform and (2) a non-monotonic brightness transition would be observed in blurred occluding edge profiles when the occluded object has a surface edge. Experimental results using real images have demonstrated the validity of the RPB model as well as the observability of the characteristic phenomena of blurred occluding edges.

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Index Terms:
Occluding edge, image blurring model, reversed projection, shift-variant point spread function, finite depth of field.
Citation:
Naoki Asada, Hisanaga Fujiwara, Takashi Matsuyama, "Seeing Behind the Scene: Analysis of Photometric Properties of Occluding Edges by the Reversed Projection Blurring Model," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 155-167, Feb. 1998, doi:10.1109/34.659933
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