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Differentiating Sonar Reflections from Corners and Planes by Employing an Intelligent Sensor
June 1990 (vol. 12 no. 6)
pp. 560-569

A multitransducer, pulse/echo-ranging system is described that differentiates corner and plane reflectors by exploiting the physical properties of sound propagation. The amplitudes and ranges of reflected signals for the different transmitter and receiver pairs are processed to determine whether the reflecting object is a plane or a right-angle corner. In addition, the angle of inclination of the reflector with respect to the transducer orientation can be measured. Reflected signal amplitude and range values, as functions of inclination angle, provide the motivation for the differentiation algorithm. A system using two Polaroid transducers is described that correctly discriminates between corners and planes for inclination angles within +or-10 degrees of the transducer orientation. The two-transducer system is extended to a multitransducer array, allowing the system to operate over an extended range. An analysis comparing processing effort to estimation accuracy is performed.

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Index Terms:
multitransducer pulse echo ranging system; sonar reflections; corners; planes; intelligent sensor; sound propagation; Polaroid transducers; artificial intelligence; pattern recognition; signal processing; sonar
B. Barshan, R. Kuc, "Differentiating Sonar Reflections from Corners and Planes by Employing an Intelligent Sensor," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 560-569, June 1990, doi:10.1109/34.56192
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