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Issue No.05 - May (2014 vol.13)
pp: 1145-1158
Yufei Wang , Dept. of Comput., Hong Kong Polytech. Univ., Hong Kong, China
Qixin Wang , Dept. of Comput., Hong Kong Polytech. Univ., Hong Kong, China
Guanbo Zheng , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX, USA
Zheng Zeng , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
Rong Zheng , Dept. of Comput. & Software, McMaster Univ., Hamilton, ON, Canada
Qian Zhang , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Hong Kong, China
ABSTRACT
ZigBee and other wireless technologies operating in the (2.4GHz) ISM band are being applied in Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPAN) for many medical applications. However, these low duty cycle, low power, and low data rate medical WPANs suffer from WiFi co-channel interferences. WiFi interference can lead to longer latency and higher packet losses in WPANs, which can be particularly harmful to safety-critical applications with stringent temporal requirements, such as ElectroCardioGraphy (ECG). This paper exploits the Clear Channel Assessment (CCA) mechanism in WiFi devices and proposes a novel policing framework, WiCop, that can effectively control the temporal white-spaces between WiFi transmissions. Such temporal white-spaces can be utilized for delivering low duty cycle WPAN traffic. We have implemented and validated WiCop on SORA, a software-defined radio platform. Experimental results show that with the assistance of the proposed WiCop policing schemes, the packet reception rate of a ZigBee-based WPAN can increase by up to 116% in the presence of a heavy WiFi interferer. A case study on the medical application of WPAN ECG monitoring demonstrates that WiCop can bound ECG signal distortion within 2% even under heavy WiFi interference. An analytical framework is devised to model the CCA behavior of WiFi interferers and the performance of WPANs under WiFi interference with or without WiCop protection. The analytical results are corroborated by experiments.
INDEX TERMS
wireless LAN, biomedical communication, distortion, electrocardiography, personal area networks, radiofrequency interference, safety, software radio, telecommunication channels, telecommunication traffic,WiFi interferers, engineering WiFi temporal white-spaces, safe operations, wireless personal area networks, medical applications, wireless technologies, WiFi interference, packet losses, safety-critical applications, temporal requirements, electrocardiography, clear channel assessment, CCA mechanism, WiFi devices, policing framework, WiFi transmissions, WPAN traffic, SORA, software-defined radio platform, WiCop policing schemes, packet reception rate, ZigBee-based WPAN, WPAN ECG monitoring, ECG signal distortion, CCA behavior,IEEE 802.11 Standards, Wireless personal area networks, Electrocardiography, Spread spectrum communication, Monitoring, Wireless communication, Wireless sensor networks,Mobile communication systems, Computer Systems Organization, Communication/Networking and Information Technology, Mobile Computing, Algorithm/protocol design and analysis,coexistence, Software-defined radio
CITATION
Yufei Wang, Qixin Wang, Guanbo Zheng, Zheng Zeng, Rong Zheng, Qian Zhang, "WiCop: Engineering WiFi Temporal White-Spaces for Safe Operations of Wireless Personal Area Networks in Medical Applications", IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol.13, no. 5, pp. 1145-1158, May 2014, doi:10.1109/TMC.2013.31
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