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Issue No.04 - April (2014 vol.13)
pp: 907-920
Stephan Sigg , Inf. Syst. Archit. Sci. Res. Div., Nat. Inst. of Inf., Tokyo, Japan
Markus Scholz , Karlsruhe Inst. of Technol., Karlsruhe, Germany
Shuyu Shi , Inf. Syst. Archit. Sci. Res. Div., Nat. Inst. of Inf., Tokyo, Japan
Yusheng Ji , Inf. Syst. Archit. Sci. Res. Div., Nat. Inst. of Inf., Tokyo, Japan
Michael Beigl , Karlsruhe Inst. of Technol., Karlsruhe, Germany
ABSTRACT
We consider the detection of activities from non-cooperating individuals with features obtained on the radio frequency channel. Since environmental changes impact the transmission channel between devices, the detection of this alteration can be used to classify environmental situations. We identify relevant features to detect activities of non-actively transmitting subjects. In particular, we distinguish with high accuracy an empty environment or a walking, lying, crawling or standing person, in case-studies of an active, device-free activity recognition system with software defined radios. We distinguish between two cases in which the transmitter is either under the control of the system or ambient. For activity detection the application of one-stage and two-stage classifiers is considered. Apart from the discrimination of the above activities, we can show that a detected activity can also be localized simultaneously within an area of less than 1 meter radius.
INDEX TERMS
Sensors, Accuracy, Monitoring, Radio transmitters, Wireless communication, Transceivers, Feature extraction,location-dependent and sensitive, Pervasive computing, signal analysis, synthesis, and processing, signal processing
CITATION
Stephan Sigg, Markus Scholz, Shuyu Shi, Yusheng Ji, Michael Beigl, "RF-Sensing of Activities from Non-Cooperative Subjects in Device-Free Recognition Systems Using Ambient and Local Signals", IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol.13, no. 4, pp. 907-920, April 2014, doi:10.1109/TMC.2013.28
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