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The Places of Our Lives: Visiting Patterns and Automatic Labeling from Longitudinal Smartphone Data
March 2014 (vol. 13 no. 3)
pp. 638-648
Trinh Minh Tri Do, Idiap Research Institute, Martigny
Daniel Gatica-Perez, Idiap Research Institute, Martigny and Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland
The location tracking functionality of modern mobile devices provides unprecedented opportunity to the understanding of individual mobility in daily life. Instead of studying raw geographic coordinates, we are interested in understanding human mobility patterns based on sequences of place visits which encode, at a coarse resolution, most daily activities. This paper presents a study on place characterization in people's everyday life based on data recorded continuously by smartphones. First, we study human mobility from sequences of place visits, including visiting patterns on different place categories. Second, we address the problem of automatic place labeling from smartphone data without using any geo-location information. Our study on a large-scale data collected from 114 smartphone users over 18 months confirm many intuitions, and also reveals findings regarding both regularly and novelty trends in visiting patterns. Considering the problem of place labeling with 10 place categories, we show that frequently visited places can be recognized reliably (over 80 percent) while it is much more challenging to recognize infrequent places.
Index Terms:
Humans,Labeling,Sensors,Data mining,IEEE 802.11 Standards,Global Positioning System,Data collection,prediction,Smartphone data,human mobility,place extraction,place visit,place labeling
Citation:
Trinh Minh Tri Do, Daniel Gatica-Perez, "The Places of Our Lives: Visiting Patterns and Automatic Labeling from Longitudinal Smartphone Data," IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 638-648, March 2014, doi:10.1109/TMC.2013.19
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