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Mobile Autonomous Router System for Dynamic (Re)formation of Wireless Relay Networks
Sept. 2013 (vol. 12 no. 9)
pp. 1828-1841
Kyu-Han Kim, Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Palo Alto
Kang G. Shin, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Dragos Niculescu, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest
Multihop wireless relays can extend the area of network connectivity instantly and efficiently. However, due to the spatial dependence of wireless link-quality, the deployment of relay nodes requires extensive, expensive measurement, and management efforts. This paper presents a mobile autonomous router system, (MARS) through which a relay router autonomously seeks and adjusts the best "receptionâ position for itself and cooperatively forms a string-type relay network with other neighboring routers. Specifically, MARS 1) accurately characterizes spatial link-quality through a new measurement technique, 2) effectively probes/optimizes node positioning via a spatial probing algorithm, and 3) maintains error-tolerant position information via an inexpensive positioning algorithm. MARS has been prototyped with both a commodity mobile robot and a wireless router with IEEE 802.11 cards. Our experimental evaluation of both the MARS prototype and ns-2-based simulation show that MARS achieves an average of 95 percent accuracy in link-quality measurements, and reduces the measurement effort necessary for the optimization of a node's location by two-thirds, compared to exhaustive spatial probing.
Index Terms:
Mars,Wireless communication,Relays,Wireless sensor networks,Bandwidth,Mobile communication,Mobile computing,IEEE 802.11,Wireless relay networks,robot-based wireless router,wireless link-quality measurement
Citation:
Kyu-Han Kim, Kang G. Shin, Dragos Niculescu, "Mobile Autonomous Router System for Dynamic (Re)formation of Wireless Relay Networks," IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1828-1841, Sept. 2013, doi:10.1109/TMC.2012.160
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