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Energy-Optimal Scheduling with Dynamic Channel Acquisition in Wireless Downlinks
April 2010 (vol. 9 no. 4)
pp. 527-539
Chih-ping Li, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Michael J. Neely, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
We consider a wireless base station serving L users through L time-varying channels. It is well known that opportunistic scheduling algorithms with full channel state information (CSI) can stabilize the system with any data rates within the capacity region. However, such opportunistic scheduling algorithms may not be energy efficient when the cost of channel acquisition is high and traffic rates are low. In particular, under the low traffic rate regime, it may be sufficient and more energy efficient to transmit data with no CSI, i.e., to transmit data blindly, since no power for channel acquisition is consumed. In general, we show strategies that probe channels in every slot or never probe channels in any slot are not necessarily optimal, and we must consider mixed strategies. We derive a unified scheduling algorithm that dynamically chooses to transmit data with full or no CSI based on queue backlog and channel statistics. Our methodology is general and can be naturally extended to include timing overhead due to channel acquisition, and to treat systems that allow any subset of channels to be measured. Through Lyapunov analysis, we show that the unified algorithm is throughput-optimal and stabilizes the downlink with optimal power consumption, balancing well between channel-aware and channel-blind transmission modes.

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Index Terms:
Stochastic control, queuing analysis, optimization, partial channel state information.
Citation:
Chih-ping Li, Michael J. Neely, "Energy-Optimal Scheduling with Dynamic Channel Acquisition in Wireless Downlinks," IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 527-539, April 2010, doi:10.1109/TMC.2009.140
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