The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.05 - May (2008 vol.7)
pp: 599-616
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we study medium access control (MAC) protocols with quality-of-service (QoS) support---topology-independent link activation transmission scheduling---for mobile code-division multiple-access (CDMA) ad hoc networks. QoS provisioning for each communication link is guaranteed without the need to adapt transmission schedules in mobile environments. An interference model which captures the difference between transmission and interference ranges is considered. Under this interference model, an approach to guaranteeing conflict-free transmission slots in each frame (QoS provisioning) for each communication link is proposed. Compared with the previously known method, superior performance is obtained. We then present a topology-independent link activation scheduling framework based on the theory of group divisible (GD) designs. By mathematical properties of GD designs, the proposed framework guarantees conflict-free transmission slots in each frame for each communication link without the overhead due to the recomputation of transmission schedules when the network topology changes. With the proposed framework, we study and evaluate one series of GD design constructions. Based on the results derived, topology-independent link activation scheduling algorithms are then presented. The proposed schemes are designed for different objectives: maximizing the minimum system throughput and/or minimizing the schedule frame length. Numerical results show that the proposed algorithms outperform previously known schemes. The average performance of the proposed schemes is also derived.
INDEX TERMS
Ad hoc networks, Code-division multiple-access (CDMA), Medium access control (MAC) protocols, Quality-of-service (QoS), Topology-independent scheduling, Link activation scheduling, Group divisible (GD) designs
CITATION
Yi-Sheng Su, Szu-Lin Su, Jung-Shian Li, "Topology-Independent Link Activation Scheduling Schemes for Mobile CDMA Ad Hoc Networks", IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol.7, no. 5, pp. 599-616, May 2008, doi:10.1109/TMC.2007.70781
REFERENCES
[1] 802.11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications. IEEE CS, 1999.
[2] Draft Supplement to STANDARD for Telecommunications andInformation Exchange between Systems LAN/MAN Specific Requirements Part 11: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications: Medium Access Control (MAC) Enhancements for Quality of Service (QoS), IEEE 802.11 Working Group Std., IEEE Std 802.11e/D8.0, Feb. 2004.
[3] L. Bao and J.J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, “Chapter 4: Distributed Channel Access Scheduling for Ad Hoc Networks,” Handbook of Algorithms for Wireless Networking and Mobile Computing, A.Boukerche, ed., Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2005.
[4] L. Bao and J.J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, “Receiver-Oriented Multiple Access in Ad Hoc Networks with Directional Antennas,” ACM/Springer J. Wireless Networks, vol. 11, pp. 67-79, Jan. 2005.
[5] L. Bao and J.J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, “Distributed Dynamic Channel Access Scheduling for Ad Hoc Networks,” J. Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol. 63, pp. 3-14, Jan. 2003.
[6] A. Ephremides and T.V. Truong, “Scheduling Broadcasts inMultihop Radio Networks,” IEEE Trans. Comm., vol. 38, pp.456-460, Apr. 1990.
[7] N. Funabiki and Y. Takefuji, “A Parallel Algorithm for Broadcast Scheduling Problems in Packet Radio Networks,” IEEE Trans. Comm., vol. 41, pp. 828-831, June 1993.
[8] B. Hajek, “Balanced Scheduling in a Packet Synchronized Spread Spectrum Network,” Proc. IEEE INFOCOM '83, pp. 56-65, 1983.
[9] B. Hajek and G. Sasaki, “Link Scheduling in Polynomial Time,” IEEE Trans. Information Theory, vol. 34, pp. 910-917, Sept. 1988.
[10] A.S. Kershenbaum and M.J. Post, “Distributed Scheduling of CDMA Networks with Minimal Information,” IEEE Trans. Comm., vol. 39, pp. 17-20, Jan. 1991.
[11] M.J. Post, A.S. Kershenbaum, and P.E. Sarachik, “Scheduling Multihop CDMA Networks in the Presence of Secondary Conflicts,” Algorithmica, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 365-393, Dec. 1989.
[12] R. Ramaswami and K.K. Parhi, “Distributed Scheduling of Broadcasts in a Radio Network,” Proc. IEEE INFOCOM '89, pp.497-504, 1989.
[13] S. Ramaswami and E.L. Lloyd, “Scheduling Algorithms for Multihop Radio Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 166-177, Apr. 1993.
[14] I. Chlamtac and A. Farago, “Making Transmission Schedules Immune to Topology Changes in Multi-Hop Packet Radio Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 23-29, Feb. 1994.
[15] Z. Cai, M. Lu, and C.N. Georghiades, “Topology-Transparent Time Division Multiple Access Broadcast Scheduling in Multihop Packet Radio Networks,” IEEE Trans. Vehicular Technology, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 970-984, July 2003.
[16] J.H. Ju and V.O.K. Li, “An Optimal Topology-Transparent Scheduling Method in Multihop Packet Radio Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 298-306, June 1998.
[17] J.-H. Youn and B. Bose, “A Topology-Independent Transmission Scheduling in Multihop Packet Radio Networks,” Proc. IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. (GLOBECOM '01), pp. 1918-1922, Nov. 2001.
[18] C.J. Colbourn, V.R. Syrotiuk, and A.C.H. Ling, “Steiner Systems for Topology-Transparent Access Control in MANETs,” Proc. Second Int'l Conf. Ad hoc Networks and Wireless (AdHoc-NOW '03), pp. 247-258, Oct. 2003.
[19] I. Chlamtac, A. Farago, and H.Y. Ahn, “A Topology Transparent Link Activation Protocol for Mobile CDMA Radio Networks,” IEEE J. Selected Areas in Comm., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1426-1433, Oct. 1994.
[20] E.M. Rains and N.J.A. Sloane, Table of Constant Weight Binary Codes, www.research.att.com/~njas/codesAndw/, 2007.
[21] E.S. Sousa and J.A. Silvester, “Spreading Code Protocols for Distributed Spread-Spectrum Packet Radio Networks,” IEEE Trans. Comm., vol. 36, pp. 272-281, Mar. 1988.
[22] H. Lu, “Distributed Code Assignments for CDMA Packet Radio Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 668-677, Dec. 1993.
[23] F. Sivrikaya and B. Yener, “Time Synchronization in Sensor Networks: A Survey,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, pp. 45-50, July/Aug. 2004.
[24] J. Elson and D. Estrin, “Time Synchronization for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proc. 15th IEEE Int'l Parallel and Distributed Processing Symp. (IPDPS '01), pp. 1965-1970, Apr. 2001.
[25] S. Furino, Y. Miao, and J. Yin, Frames and Resolvable Designs: Uses, Constructions, and Existence. CRC Press, pp. 12-31, 1996.
[26] A.P. Street and D.J. Street, Combinatorics of Experimental Design. Clarendon Press, pp. 245-250, 1987.
37 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool