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OMAR: Utilizing Multiuser Diversity in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
December 2006 (vol. 5 no. 12)
pp. 1764-1779
One of the most promising approaches to improving communication efficiency in wireless communication systems is the use of multiuser diversity. Although it has been widely investigated and shown feasible and efficient in cellular networks, there is little work for the ad hoc networks, especially in real protocol and algorithm design. In this paper, we propose a novel scheme, namely, the Opportunistic Medium Access and Auto Rate (OMAR), to efficiently utilize the shared medium in IEEE 802.11-based ad hoc networks by taking advantage of diversity, distributed scheduling, and adaptivity. In an ad hoc network, especially in a heterogeneous ad hoc network or a mesh network, some nodes may need to communicate with multiple one-hop nodes. We allow such a node with a certain number of links to function as a clusterhead to locally coordinate multiuser communications. We introduce a CDF-based (Cumulative Distribution Function) K-ary opportunistic splitting algorithm and a distributed stochastic scheduling algorithm to resolve intra and intercluster collisions, respectively. Fairness is formulated and solved in terms of social optimality within and across clusters. Analytical and simulation results show that our scheme can significantly improve communication efficiency while providing social fairness.

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Index Terms:
Wireless ad hoc networks, multiuser diversity, opportunistic medium access, auto rate, cross-layer optimization.
Jianfeng Wang, Hongqiang Zhai, Yuguang Fang, John M. Shea, Dapeng Wu, "OMAR: Utilizing Multiuser Diversity in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks," IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 1764-1779, Dec. 2006, doi:10.1109/TMC.2006.186
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