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Using Incomplete Information for Complete Weight Annotation of Road Networks
May 2014 (vol. 26 no. 5)
pp. 1-1
Christian S. Jensen, Department of Computer Science, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Øst, Denmark
Bin Yang, Department of Computer Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
Manohar Kaul, Department of Computer Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
We are witnessing increasing interests in the effective use of road networks. For example, to enable effective vehicle routing, weighted-graph models of transportation networks are used, where the weight of an edge captures some cost associated with traversing the edge, e.g., greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or travel time. It is a precondition to using a graph model for routing that all edges have weights. Weights that capture travel times and GHG emissions can be extracted from GPS trajectory data collected from the network. However, GPS trajectory data typically lack the coverage needed to assign weights to all edges. This paper formulates and addresses the problem of annotating all edges in a road network with travel cost based weights from a set of trips in the network that cover only a small fraction of the edges, each with an associated ground-truth travel cost. A general framework is proposed to solve the problem. Specifically, the problem is modeled as a regression problem and solved by minimizing a judiciously designed objective function that takes into account the topology of the road network. In particular, the use of weighted PageRank values of edges is explored for assigning appropriate weights to all edges, and the property of directional adjacency of edges is also taken into account to assign weights. Empirical studies with weights capturing travel time and GHG emissions on two road networks (Skagen, Denmark, and North Jutland, Denmark) offer insight into the design properties of the proposed techniques and offer evidence that the techniques are effective.
Index Terms:
Correlation and regression analysis,Information Technology and Systems,Database Management,Database Applications,Spatial databases and GIS,Database Management,Database Applications,Data mining,Mathematics of Computing,Probability and Statistics
Citation:
Christian S. Jensen, Bin Yang, Manohar Kaul, "Using Incomplete Information for Complete Weight Annotation of Road Networks," IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 1-1, May 2014, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2013.89
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