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Issue No.02 - Feb. (2013 vol.25)
pp: 348-359
Siamak Tavakoli , Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom
Alireza Mousavi , Brunel University, Uxbridge
Peter Broomhead , Brunel University, Uxbridge
ABSTRACT
This paper introduces a platform for online Sensitivity Analysis (SA) that is applicable in large scale real-time data acquisition (DAQ) systems. Here, we use the term real-time in the context of a system that has to respond to externally generated input stimuli within a finite and specified period. Complex industrial systems such as manufacturing, healthcare, transport, and finance require high-quality information on which to base timely responses to events occurring in their volatile environments. The motivation for the proposed EventTracker platform is the assumption that modern industrial systems are able to capture data in real-time and have the necessary technological flexibility to adjust to changing system requirements. The flexibility to adapt can only be assured if data is succinctly interpreted and translated into corrective actions in a timely manner. An important factor that facilitates data interpretation and information modeling is an appreciation of the affect system inputs have on each output at the time of occurrence. Many existing sensitivity analysis methods appear to hamper efficient and timely analysis due to a reliance on historical data, or sluggishness in providing a timely solution that would be of use in real-time applications. This inefficiency is further compounded by computational limitations and the complexity of some existing models. In dealing with real-time event driven systems, the underpinning logic of the proposed method is based on the assumption that in the vast majority of cases changes in input variables will trigger events. Every single or combination of events could subsequently result in a change to the system state. The proposed event tracking sensitivity analysis method describes variables and the system state as a collection of events. The higher the numeric occurrence of an input variable at the trigger level during an event monitoring interval, the greater is its impact on the final analysis of the system state. Experiments were designed to compare the proposed event tracking sensitivity analysis method with a comparable method (that of Entropy). An improvement of 10 percent in computational efficiency without loss in accuracy was observed. The comparison also showed that the time taken to perform the sensitivity analysis was 0.5 percent of that required when using the comparable Entropy-based method.
INDEX TERMS
Input variables, Sensitivity analysis, Mathematical model, Equations, Computational modeling, Estimation, data acquisition, Discrete event systems, event tracking, real-time systems, sensitivity, supervisory control
CITATION
Siamak Tavakoli, Alireza Mousavi, Peter Broomhead, "Event Tracking for Real-Time Unaware Sensitivity Analysis (EventTracker)", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol.25, no. 2, pp. 348-359, Feb. 2013, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2011.240
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