The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.05 - May (2012 vol.24)
pp: 912-925
Hady W. Lauw , Institute for Infocomm Research, Singapore
Heasoo Hwang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin-si
Alexandros Ntoulas , Microsoft Research, Mountain View
Users are increasingly pursuing complex task-oriented goals on the web, such as making travel arrangements, managing finances, or planning purchases. To this end, they usually break down the tasks into a few codependent steps and issue multiple queries around these steps repeatedly over long periods of time. To better support users in their long-term information quests on the web, search engines keep track of their queries and clicks while searching online. In this paper, we study the problem of organizing a user's historical queries into groups in a dynamic and automated fashion. Automatically identifying query groups is helpful for a number of different search engine components and applications, such as query suggestions, result ranking, query alterations, sessionization, and collaborative search. In our approach, we go beyond approaches that rely on textual similarity or time thresholds, and we propose a more robust approach that leverages search query logs. We experimentally study the performance of different techniques, and showcase their potential, especially when combined together.
User history, search history, query clustering, query reformulation, click graph, task identification.
Hady W. Lauw, Heasoo Hwang, Alexandros Ntoulas, "Organizing User Search Histories", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol.24, no. 5, pp. 912-925, May 2012, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2010.251
[1] J. Teevan, E. Adar, R. Jones, and M.A.S. Potts, "Information Re-Retrieval: Repeat Queries in Yahoo's Logs," Proc. 30th Ann. Int'l ACM SIGIR Conf. Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR '07), pp. 151-158, 2007.
[2] A. Broder, "A Taxonomy of Web Search," SIGIR Forum, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 3-10, 2002.
[3] A. Spink, M. Park, B.J. Jansen, and J. Pedersen, "Multitasking during Web Search Sessions," Information Processing and Management, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 264-275, 2006.
[4] R. Jones and K.L. Klinkner, "Beyond the Session Timeout: Automatic Hierarchical Segmentation of Search Topics in Query Logs," Proc. 17th ACM Conf. Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM), 2008.
[5] P. Boldi, F. Bonchi, C. Castillo, D. Donato, A. Gionis, and S. Vigna, "The Query-Flow Graph: Model and Applications," Proc. 17th ACM Conf. Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM), 2008.
[6] D. Beeferman and A. Berger, "Agglomerative Clustering of a Search Engine Query Log," Proc. Sixth ACM SIGKDD Int'l Conf. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD), 2000.
[7] R. Baeza-Yates and A. Tiberi, "Extracting Semantic Relations from Query Logs," Proc. 13th ACM SIGKDD Int'l Conf. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD), 2007.
[8] J. Han and M. Kamber, Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques. Morgan Kaufmann, 2000.
[9] W. Barbakh and C. Fyfe, "Online Clustering Algorithms," Int'l J. Neural Systems, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 185-194, 2008.
[10] Lecture Notes in Data Mining, M. Berry, and M. Browne, eds. World Scientific Publishing Company, 2006.
[11] V.I. Levenshtein, "Binary Codes Capable of Correcting Deletions, Insertions and Reversals," Soviet Physics Doklady, vol. 10, pp. 707-710, 1966.
[12] M. Sahami and T.D. Heilman, "A Web-based Kernel Function for Measuring the Similarity of Short Text Snippets," Proc. the 15th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW '06), pp. 377-386, 2006.
[13] J.-R. Wen, J.-Y. Nie, and H.-J. Zhang, "Query Clustering Using User Logs," ACM Trans. in Information Systems, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 59-81, 2002.
[14] A. Fuxman, P. Tsaparas, K. Achan, and R. Agrawal, "Using the Wisdom of the Crowds for Keyword Generation," Proc. the 17th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW '08), 2008.
[15] K. Avrachenkov, N. Litvak, D. Nemirovsky, and N. Osipova, "Monte Carlo Methods in PageRank Computation: When One Iteration Is Sufficient," SIAM J. Numerical Analysis, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 890-904, 2007.
[16] L. Page, S. Brin, R. Motwani, and T. Winograd, "The PageRank Citation Ranking: Bringing Order to the Web," technical report, Stanford Univ., 1998.
[17] P. Boldi, M. Santini, and S. Vigna, "Pagerank as a Function of the Damping Factor," Proc. the 14th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW '05), 2005.
[18] T.H. Haveliwala, "Topic-Sensitive PageRank," Proc. the 11th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW '02), 2002.
[19] W.M. Rand, "Objective Criteria for the Evaluation of Clustering Methods," J. the Am. Statistical Assoc., vol. 66, no. 336, pp. 846-850, 1971.
[20] D.D. Wackerly, W.M. III, and R.L. Scheaffer, Mathematical Statistics with Applications, sixth ed. Duxbury Advanced Series, 2002.
[21] P. Anick, "Using Terminological Feedback for Web Search Refinement: A Log-Based Study," Proc. 26th Ann. Int'l ACM SIGIR Conf. Research and Development in Information Retrieval, 2003.
[22] B.J. Jansen, A. Spink, C. Blakely, and S. Koshman, "Defining a Session on Web Search Engines: Research Articles," J. the Am. Soc. for Information Science and Technology, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 862-871, 2007.
[23] L.D. Catledge and J.E. Pitkow, "Characterizing Browsing Strategies in the World-Wide Web," Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 1065-1073, 1995.
[24] D. He, A. Goker, and D.J. Harper, "Combining Evidence for Automatic Web Session Identification," Information Processing and Management, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 727-742, 2002.
[25] R. Jones and F. Diaz, "Temporal Profiles of Queries," ACM Trans. Information Systems, vol. 25, no. 3, p. 14, 2007.
[26] A.L. Montgomery and C. Faloutsos, "Identifying Web Browsing Trends and Patterns," Computer, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 94-95, July 2001.
[27] C. Silverstein, H. Marais, M. Henzinger, and M. Moricz, "Analysis of a Very Large Web Search Engine Query Log," SIGIR Forum, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 6-12, 1999.
[28] H.C. Ozmutlu and F. Çavdur, "Application of Automatic Topic Identification on Excite Web Search Engine Data Logs," Information Processing and Management, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1243-1262, 2005.
[29] T. Lau and E. Horvitz, "Patterns of Search: Analyzing and Modeling Web Query Refinement," Proc. Seventh Int'l Conf. User Modeling (UM), 1999.
[30] F. Radlinski and T. Joachims, "Query Chains: Learning to Rank from Implicit Feedback," Proc. ACM Conf. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD), 2005.
[31] J. Yi and F. Maghoul, "Query Clustering Using Click-through Graph," Proc. the 18th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW '09), 2009.
[32] E. Sadikov, J. Madhavan, L. Wang, and A. Halevy, "Clustering Query Refinements by User Intent," Proc. the 19th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW '10), 2010.
[33] T. Radecki, "Output Ranking Methodology for Document-Clustering-Based Boolean Retrieval Systems," Proc. Eighth Ann. Int'l ACM SIGIR Conf. Research and Development in Information Retrieval, pp. 70-76, 1985.
[34] V.R. Lesser, "A Modified Two-Level Search Algorithm Using Request Clustering," Report No. ISR-11 to the Nat'l Science Foundation, Section 7, Dept. of Computer Science, Cornell Univ., 1966.
[35] R. Baeza-Yates, "Graphs from Search Engine Queries," Proc. 33rd Conf. Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science (SOFSEM), vol. 4362, pp. 1-8, 2007.
[36] K. Collins-Thompson and J. Callan, "Query Expansion Using Random Walk Models," Proc. 14th ACM Int'l Conf. Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM), 2005.
[37] N. Craswell and M. Szummer, "Random Walks on the Click Graph," Proc. 30th Ann. Int'l ACM SIGIR Conf. Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR '07), 2007.
6 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool