Issue No.07 - July (2011 vol.23)
Danushka Bollegala , The University of Tokyo, Tokyo
Yutaka Matsuo , The University of Tokyo, Tokyo
Mitsuru Ishizuka , The University of Tokyo, Tokyo
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TKDE.2010.172
Measuring the semantic similarity between words is an important component in various tasks on the web such as relation extraction, community mining, document clustering, and automatic metadata extraction. Despite the usefulness of semantic similarity measures in these applications, accurately measuring semantic similarity between two words (or entities) remains a challenging task. We propose an empirical method to estimate semantic similarity using page counts and text snippets retrieved from a web search engine for two words. Specifically, we define various word co-occurrence measures using page counts and integrate those with lexical patterns extracted from text snippets. To identify the numerous semantic relations that exist between two given words, we propose a novel pattern extraction algorithm and a pattern clustering algorithm. The optimal combination of page counts-based co-occurrence measures and lexical pattern clusters is learned using support vector machines. The proposed method outperforms various baselines and previously proposed web-based semantic similarity measures on three benchmark data sets showing a high correlation with human ratings. Moreover, the proposed method significantly improves the accuracy in a community mining task.
Web mining, information extraction, web text analysis.
Danushka Bollegala, Yutaka Matsuo, Mitsuru Ishizuka, "A Web Search Engine-Based Approach to Measure Semantic Similarity between Words", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol.23, no. 7, pp. 977-990, July 2011, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2010.172