The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.06 - June (2011 vol.23)
pp: 942-959
Freddy Lécué , The University of Manchester, Manchester
Nikolay Mehandjiev , The University of Manchester, Manchester
ABSTRACT
Ranking and optimization of web service compositions represent challenging areas of research with significant implications for the realization of the “Web of Services” vision. “Semantic web services” use formal semantic descriptions of web service functionality and interface to enable automated reasoning over web service compositions. To judge the quality of the overall composition, for example, we can start by calculating the semantic similarities between outputs and inputs of connected constituent services, and aggregate these values into a measure of semantic quality for the composition. This paper takes a specific interest in combining semantic and nonfunctional criteria such as quality of service (QoS) to evaluate quality in web services composition. It proposes a novel and extensible model balancing the new dimension of semantic quality (as a functional quality metric) with a QoS metric, and using them together as ranking and optimization criteria. It also demonstrates the utility of Genetic Algorithms to allow optimization within the context of a large number of services foreseen by the “Web of Services” vision. We test the performance of the overall approach using a set of simulation experiments, and discuss its advantages and weaknesses.
INDEX TERMS
Web service, semantic web, ontology, description logics, service composition, quality of service/composition.
CITATION
Freddy Lécué, Nikolay Mehandjiev, "Seeking Quality of Web Service Composition in a Semantic Dimension", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol.23, no. 6, pp. 942-959, June 2011, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2010.237
REFERENCES
[1] R. Aggarwal, K. Verma, J.A. Miller, and W. Milnor, "Constraint Driven Web Service Composition in METEOR-S," Proc. Int'l Conf. Services Computing, pp. 23-30, 2004.
[2] M. Alrifai and T. Risse, "Combining Global Optimization with Local Selection for Efficient QoS-Aware Service Composition," Proc. Int'l Conf. World Wide Web, pp. 881-890, 2009.
[3] A. Ankolenkar, M. Paolucci, N. Srinivasan, and K. Sycara, "The Owl-S Coalition, Owl-S 1.1," technical report, 2004.
[4] D. Ardagna and B. Pernici, "Adaptive Service Composition in Flexible Processes," IEEE Trans. Software Eng., vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 369-384, June 2007.
[5] I.B. Arpinar, R. Zhang, B. Aleman-Meza, and A. Maduko, "Ontology-Driven Web Services Composition Platform," Information Systems and E-Business Management, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 175-199, 2005.
[6] F. Baader and W. Nutt, The Description Logic Handbook: Theory, Implementation, and Applications. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003.
[7] T. Berners-Lee, J. Hendler, and O. Lassila, "The Semantic Web," Scientific Am., vol. 284, no. 5, pp. 34-43, 2001.
[8] S. Brandt, R. Kusters, and A. Turhan, "Approximation and Difference in Description Logics," Proc. Knowledge Representation, pp. 203-214, 2002.
[9] A. Brogi, S. Corfini, and R. Popescu, "Composition-Oriented Service Discovery," Proc. Fourth Int'l Workshop Software Composition, pp. 15-30, 2005.
[10] G. Canfora, M. Di Penta, R. Esposito, and M.L. Villani, "A Framework for QoS-Aware Binding and Re-Binding of Composite Web Services," J. Systems and Software, vol. 81, no. 10, pp. 1754-1769, 2008.
[11] G. Canfora, M. Di Penta, R. Esposito, and M.L. Villani, "An Approach for QoS-Aware Service Composition Based on Genetic Algorithms," Proc. Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conf., pp. 1069-1075, 2005.
[12] J. Cardoso, A.P. Sheth, J.A. Miller, J. Arnold, and K. Kochut, "Quality of Service for Workflows and Web Service Processes," J. Web Semantics, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 281-308, 2004.
[13] J. Cardoso and A. Sheth, "Semantic E-Workflow Composition," J. Intelligent Information Systems, vol. 21, pp. 191-225, 2003.
[14] D.B. Claro, P. Albers, and J.K. Hao, "Selecting Web Services for Optimal Composition," Proc. Second Int'l Workshop Semantic and Dynamic Web Processes, pp. 32-45, 2005.
[15] W.W. Cohen, A. Borgida, and H. Hirsh, "Computing Least Common Subsumers in Description Logics," Proc. 10th Nat'l Conf. Artificial Intelligence (AAAI '92), pp. 754-760, 1992.
[16] S. Colucci, T. Di Noia, E. Di Sciascio, F.M. Donini, and M. Mongiello, "Concept Abduction and Contraction in Description Logics," Proc. Description Logics, 2003.
[17] S. Colucci, T. Di Noia, E. Di Sciascio, F.M. Donini, and M. Mongiello, "Concept Abduction and Contraction for Semantic-Based Discovery of Matches and Negotiation Spaces in an E-Marketplace," Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 345-361, 2005.
[18] T. Di Noia, E. Di Sciascio, F.M. Donini, and M. Mongiello, "A System for Principled Matchmaking in an Electronic Marketplace," Proc. Int'l Conf. World Wide Web, pp. 321-330, 2003.
[19] J. Euzenat and P. Shvaiko, Ontology Matching. Springer-Verlag, 2007.
[20] D. Fensel, M. Kifer, J. de Bruijn, and J. Domingue, "Web Service Modeling Ontology (WSMO) Submission, w3c Member Submission," http://www.w3.org/SubmissionWSMO/, June 2005.
[21] M. Gillmann, G. Weikum, and W. Wonner, "Workflow Management with Service Quality Guarantees," Proc. SIGMOD Int'l Conf. Management Of Data, pp. 228-239, 2002.
[22] D.E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning. Addison-Wesley, 1989.
[23] T.R. Gruber, "A Translation Approach to Portable Ontology Specifications," Knowledge Acquisition, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 199-220, 1993.
[24] D. Harel and A. Naamad, "The Statemate Semantics of Statecharts," ACM Trans. Software Eng. and Methodology, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 293-333, 1996.
[25] A. Ben Hassine, S. Matsubara, and T. Ishida, "A Constraint-Based Approach to Web Service Composition," Proc. Int'l Semantic Web Conf., pp. 130-143, 2006.
[26] I. Horrocks, "Using an Expressive Description Logic: FaCT or Fiction?," Proc. Knowledge Representation, pp. 636-649, 1998.
[27] J. Kopecký, T. Vitvar, C. Bournez, and J. Farrell, "SAWSDL: Semantic Annotations for WSDL and XML Schema," IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 60-67, Nov./Dec. 2007.
[28] C.-L. Hwang and K. Yoon, "Multiple Criteria Decision Making," Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems, Springer Verlag, 1981.
[29] R. Küsters, Non-Standard Inferences in Description Logics. Springer, 2001.
[30] O. Lassila and S. Dixit, "Interleaving Discovery and Composition for Simple Workflows," Proc. Semantic Web Services, AAAI Spring Symp. Series, pp. 22-26, Mar. 2004.
[31] F. Lécué and A. Delteil, "Making the Difference in Semantic Web Service Composition," Proc. 22nd Nat'l Conf. Artificial Intelligence (AAAI '07), pp. 1383-1388, 2007.
[32] F. Lécué and A. Léger, "A Formal Model for Semantic Web Service Composition," Proc. Int'l Semantic Web Conf., pp. 385-398, 2006.
[33] F. Lécué, A. Delteil, and A. Léger, "Optimizing Causal Link Based Web Service Composition," Proc. European Conf. Artificial Intelligence, pp. 45-49, 2008.
[34] F. Lécué, O. Boissier, A. Delteil, and A. Léger, "Web Service Composition as a Composition of Valid and Robust Semantic Links," Int'l J. Cooperative Information Systems, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1-62, Mar. 2009.
[35] Q. Liang, X. Wu, and H. Chuin Lau, "Optimizing Service Systems Based on Application-Level QoS," IEEE Trans. Services Computing, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 108-121, Apr. 2009.
[36] L. Li and I. Horrocks, "A Software Framework for Matchmaking Based on Semantic Web Technology," Proc. Int'l Conf. World Wide Web, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 331-339, 2003.
[37] J.W. Lloyd, Foundations of Logic Programming, second ed. Springer, 1987.
[38] Y. Ma and C. Zhang, "Quick Convergence of Genetic Algorithm for QoS-Driven Web Service Selection," Proc. Computer Networks, pp. 1093-1104, 2008.
[39] S.A. McIlraith, T.C. Son, and H. Zeng, "Semantic Web Services," IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 46-53, Mar./Apr. 2001.
[40] E. Motta, "Reusable Components for Knowledge Modelling Case Studies," Parametric Design Problem Solving, IOS Press, 1999.
[41] J. O'sullivan, D. Edmond, and A.H.M. ter Hofstede, "What's in a Service?," Distributed and Parallel Databases, vol. 12, nos. 2/3, pp. 117-133, 2002.
[42] M. Paolucci, T. Kawamura, T.R. Payne, and K. Sycara, "Semantic Matching of Web Services Capabilities," Proc. Int'l Semantic Web Conf., pp. 333-347, 2002.
[43] C.H. Papadimtriou and K. Steiglitz, Combinatorial Optimization: Algorithms and Complexity. Prentice-Hall, 1982.
[44] A. Ragone, T. Di Noia, E. Di Sciascio, F.M. Donini, S. Colucci, and F. Colasuonno, "Fully Automated Web Services Discovery and Composition through Concept Covering and Concept Abduction," Int'l J. Web Services Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 85-112, 2007.
[45] J. Rao, P. Küngas, and M. Matskin, "Composition of Semantic Web Services Using Linear Logic Theorem Proving," Information Systems, vol. 31, nos. 4/5, pp. 340-360, 2006.
[46] E. Sirin, B. Parsia, D. Wu, J. Hendler, and D. Nau, "HTN Planning for Web Service Composition Using SHOP2," Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web, vol. 1, pp. 377-396, 2004.
[47] M.K. Smith, C. Welty, and D.L. McGuinness, "Owl Web Ontology Language Guide," W3c Recommendation, W3C, 2004.
[48] K.P. Sycara, M. Paolucci, A. Ankolekar, and N. Srinivasan, "Automated Discovery, Interaction and Composition of Semantic Web Services," J. Web Semantics, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 27-46, 2003.
[49] G. Teege, "Making the Difference: A Subtraction Operation for Description Logics," Proc. Knowledge Representation, pp. 540-550, 1994.
[50] E. Tsang, Foundations of Constraint Satisfaction. Academic Press, 1993.
[51] B. Wielinga and G. Schreiber, "Configuration-Design Problem Solving," IEEE Expert, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 49-56, Mar./Apr. 1997.
[52] L. Wolsey, Integer Programming. John Wiley and Sons, 1998.
[53] D. Wu, B. Parsia, E. Sirin, J.A. Hendler, and D.S. Nau, "Automating DAML-S Web Services Composition Using SHOP2," Proc. Int'l Semantic Web Conf., 195-210, 2003.
[54] T. Yu and K.J. Lin, "Service Selection Algorithms for Composing Complex Services with Multiple QoS Constraints," Proc. Int'l Conf. Service Oriented Computing, pp. 130-143, 2005.
[55] R. Zhang, I.B. Arpinar, and B. Aleman-Meza, "Automatic Composition of Semantic Web Services," Proc. Int'l Conf. Web Services, pp. 38-41, 2003.
[56] L. Zeng, B. Benatallah, A.H.H. Ngu, M. Dumas, J. Kalagnanam, and H. Chang, "QoS-Aware Middleware for Web Services Composition," IEEE Trans. Software Eng., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 311-327, May 2004.
645 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool