The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.12 - December (2010 vol.22)
pp: 1679-1693
Charalampos Konstantopoulos , University of Piraeus and Research Academic Computer Technology Institute, Patras
Aristides Mpitziopoulos , University of the Aegean, Mytilene
Damianos Gavalas , University of the Aegean, Mytilene
Grammati Pantziou , Technological Educational Institution of Athens, Athens
A key feature of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is the collaborative processing, where the correlation existing over the local data of sensor nodes (SNs) is exploited so that the total data volume can be reduced (data aggregation). The use of Mobile Agents (MAs), i.e., software entities able of migrating among nodes and resuming execution naturally, fits in this scenario; the local data of an SN can be combined with the data collected by an MA from other SNs in a way that depends on the specific program code of the MA. In this paper, we consider the problem of calculating near-optimal routes for MAs that incrementally aggregate the data as they visit the nodes in a distributed sensor network. Our algorithm follows a greedy-like approach always selecting the next node to be included in an itinerary in such a way that the cost of the so far formed itineraries is kept minimum at each step. Simulation results confirm the high effectiveness of the proposed algorithm as well as its performance gain over alternative approaches. Also, with the use of proper data structures, the computational complexity of the algorithm is kept low as it is formally proved in the paper.
Mobile agents, wireless sensor networks, data structures.
Charalampos Konstantopoulos, Aristides Mpitziopoulos, Damianos Gavalas, Grammati Pantziou, "Effective Determination of Mobile Agent Itineraries for Data Aggregation on Sensor Networks", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol.22, no. 12, pp. 1679-1693, December 2010, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2009.203
[1] F. Zhao and L. Guibas, Wireless Sensor Networks. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2004.
[2] V. Pham and A. Karmouch, "Mobile Software Agents: An Overview," IEEE Comm. Magazine, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 26-37, July 1998.
[3] M. Chen, S. Gonzalez, and V. Leung, "Applications and Design Issues for Mobile Agents in Wireless Sensor Networks," IEEE Wireless Comm., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 20-26, Dec. 2007.
[4] Y. Xu and H. Qi, "Distributed Computing Paradigms for Collaborative Signal and Information Processing in Sensor Networks," J. Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 945-959, Aug. 2004.
[5] H. Qi, Y. Xu, and X. Wang, "Mobile-Agent-Based Collaborative Signal and Information Processing in Sensor Networks," Proc. IEEE, vol. 91, no. 8, pp. 1172-1183, Aug. 2003.
[6] A. Boulis, C. Han, and M. Srivastava, "Design and Implementation of a Framework for Efficient and Programmable Sensor Networks," Proc. ACM First Int'l Conf. Mobile Systems Applications and Services (ACM MobiSys '03), pp. 187-200, May 2003.
[7] C. Fok, G. Roman, and C. Lu, "Mobile Agent Middleware for Sensor Networks: An Application Case Study," Proc. IEEE Fourth Int'l Symp. Information Processing in Sensor Networks (IPSN '05), pp. 382-387, Apr. 2005.
[8] P. Biswas, H. Qi, and Y. Xu, "Mobile Agent-Based Collaborative Sensor Fusion," Information Fusion, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 399-411, July 2008.
[9] M. Chen, T. Kwon, Y. Yuan, Y. Choi, and V. Leung, "Mobile Agent-Based Directed Diffusion in Wireless Sensor Networks," EURASIP J. Advances in Signal Processing, vol. 2007, pp. 1-13, 2007.
[10] Y. Xu and H. Qi, "Mobile Agent Migration Modeling and Design for Target Tracking in Wireless Sensor Networks," Ad Hoc Networks, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-16, Jan. 2008.
[11] H. Qi and F. Wang, "Optimal Itinerary Analysis for Mobile Agents in Ad Hoc Wireless Sensor Networks," Proc. 13th Int'l Conf. Wireless Comm. (Wireless '01), vol. 1, pp. 147-153, July 2001.
[12] Q. Wu, N. Rao, J. Barhen, S. Iyengar, V. Vaishnavi, H. Qi, and K. Chakrabarty, "On Computing Mobile Agent Routes for Data Fusion in Distributed Sensor Networks," IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Eng., vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 740-753, June 2004.
[13] A. Mpitziopoulos, D. Gavalas, C. Konstantopoulos, and G. Pantziou, "Deriving Efficient Mobile Agent Routes in Wireless Sensor Networks with NOID Algorithm," Proc. IEEE 18th Ann. Int'l Symp. Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Comm. (PIMRC '07), pp. 1-5, Sept. 2007.
[14] D. Gavalas, G. Pantziou, C. Konstantopoulos, and B. Mamalis, "A Method for Incremental Data Fusion in Distributed Sensor Networks," Proc. IFIP Third Conf. Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations (AIAI '06), pp. 635-642, June 2006.
[15] A. Abbasi and M. Younis, "A Survey on Clustering Algorithms for Wireless Sensor Networks," Computer Comm., vol. 30, nos. 14/15, pp. 2826-2841, Oct. 2007.
[16] W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan, and H. Balakrishnan, "An Application-Specific Protocol Architecture for Wireless Microsensor Networks," IEEE Trans. Wireless Comm., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 660-670, Oct. 2002.
[17] O. Younis and S. Fahmy, "HEED: A Hybrid, Energy-Efficient, Distributed Clustering Approach for Ad Hoc Sensor Networks," IEEE Trans. Mobile Computing, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 366-379, Oct. 2004.
[18] S. Lindsey, C. Raghavendra, and K. Sivalingam, "Data Gathering Algorithms in Sensor Networks Using Energy Metrics," IEEE Trans. Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 924-935, Sept. 2002.
[19] A.K. Du, J. Wu, and D. Zhou, "Chain-Based Protocols for Data Broadcasting and Gathering in the Sensor Networks," Proc. IEEE Int'l Parallel and Distributed Processing Symp. (IPDPS '03), Apr. 2003.
[20] B. Yen, M. Cai, Y. Cheng, and P. Yang, "Energy Optimization for Chain-Based Data Gathering in Wireless Sensor Networks," Int'l J. Comm. Systems, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 857-874, July 2007.
[21] R. Rajagopalan and P. Varshney, "Data-Aggregation Techniques in Sensor Networks: A Survey," IEEE Comm. Survey & Tutorials, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 48-63, Oct. 2006.
[22] P. von Rickenbach and R. Wattenhofer, "Gathering Correlated Data in Sensor Networks," Proc. ACM 2004 Joint Workshop Foundations of Mobile Computing (DIALMPOMC '04), pp. 60-66, Oct. 2004.
[23] R. Cristescu, B. Beferull-Lozano, M. Vetterli, and R. Wattenhofer, "Network Correlated Data Gathering with Explicit Communication: NP-Completeness and Algorithms," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 41-54, Feb. 2006.
[24] A. Goel and D. Estrin, "Simultaneous Optimization for Concave Costs: Single Sink Aggregation or Single Source Buy-at-Bulk," Algorithmica, vol. 43, nos. 1/2, pp. 5-15, Sept. 2005.
[25] K. Kalpakis, K. Dasgupta, and P. Namjoshi, "Efficient Algorithms for Maximum Lifetime Data Gathering and Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks," Computer Networks, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 697-716, Aug. 2003.
[26] Y. Wu, S. Fahmy, and N. Shroff, "On the Construction of a Maximum-Lifetime Data Gathering Tree in Sensor Networks: NP-Completeness and Approximation Algorithm," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, pp. 356-360, Apr. 2008.
[27] C. Intanagonwiwat, R. Govindan, and D. Estrin, "Directed Diffusion: A Scalable and Robust Communication Paradigm for Sensor Networks," Proc. ACM MobiCom, pp. 56-67, Aug. 2000.
[28] I. Solis and K. Obraczka, "The Impact of Timing in Data Aggregation for Sensor Networks," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Comm. (ICC '04), pp. 3640-3645, June 2004.
[29] W. Yuan, S. Krishnamurthy, and S. Tripathi, "Synchronization of Multiple Levels of Data Fusion in Wireless Sensor Networks," Proc. IEEE 46th Global Telecomm. Conf. (GLOBECOM '03), pp. 221-225, Dec. 2003.
[30] H. Qi, S. Iyengar, and K. Chakrabarty, "Multi-Resolution Data Integration Using Mobile Agents in Distributed Sensor Networks," IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 383-391, Aug. 2001.
[31] D. Gavalas, "Mobile Software Agents for Network Monitoring and Performance Management," PhD dissertation, Univ. of Essex, 2001.
[32] E. Shakshuki, H. Malik, and M. Denko, "Software Agent-Based Directed Diffusion in Wireless Sensor Network," Telecomm. Systems, vol. 38, nos. 3/4, pp. 161-174, Aug. 2008.
[33] A. Kershenbaum, Telecommunication Network Design Algorithms. McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1993.
[34] A. Fuggeta, G. Picco, and G. Vigna, "Understanding Code Mobility," IEEE Trans. Software Eng., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 342-361, May 1998.
[35] L. Esau and K. Williams, "On Teleprocessing System Design, Part II—a Method for Approximating the Optimal Network," IBM Systems J., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 142-147, 1966.
[36] T. Cormen, C. Leiserson, and R. Rivest, Introduction to Algorithms. The MIT Press, 1990.
[37] A. Woo, T. Tong, and D. Culler, "Taming the Underlying Challenges of Reliable Multihop Routing in Sensor Networks," Proc. ACM First Int'l Conf. Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (SenSys '03), pp. 14-27, Nov. 2003.
[38] A. Meliou, D. Chu, C. Guestrin, J. Hellerstein, and W. Hong, "Data Gathering Tours in Sensor Networks," Proc. IEEE Fifth Int'l Conf. Information Processing in Sensor Networks (IPSN '06), pp. 43-50, Apr. 2006.
[39] M. Younis and K. Akkaya, "Strategies and Techniques for Node Placement in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey," Ad Hoc Networks, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 621-655, June 2008.
6 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool