The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.01 - January (2010 vol.22)
pp: 2-15
Kyriakos Mouratidis , Singapore Management University, Singapore
Man Lung Yiu , Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
ABSTRACT
The increasing availability of location-aware mobile devices has given rise to a flurry of location-based services (LBSs). Due to the nature of spatial queries, an LBS needs the user position in order to process her requests. On the other hand, revealing exact user locations to a (potentially untrusted) LBS may pinpoint their identities and breach their privacy. To address this issue, spatial anonymity techniques obfuscate user locations, forwarding to the LBS a sufficiently large region instead. Existing methods explicitly target processing in the euclidean space and do not apply when proximity to the users is defined according to network distance (e.g., driving time through the roads of a city). In this paper, we propose a framework for anonymous query processing in road networks. We design location obfuscation techniques that: 1) provide anonymous LBS access to the users and 2) allow efficient query processing at the LBS side. Our techniques exploit existing network database infrastructure, requiring no specialized storage schemes or functionalities. We experimentally compare alternative designs in real road networks and demonstrate the effectiveness of our techniques.
INDEX TERMS
Spatial databases, road networks, location privacy, spatial anonymity, query processing, location-based services.
CITATION
Kyriakos Mouratidis, Man Lung Yiu, "Anonymous Query Processing in Road Networks", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol.22, no. 1, pp. 2-15, January 2010, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2009.48
REFERENCES
[1] http:/www.anonymizer.com/, 2009.
[2] http:/www.mailshell.com, 2009.
[3] http:/www.spamgourmet.com/, 2009.
[4] G. Aggarwal, M. Bawa, P. Ganesan, H. Garcia-Molina, K. Kenthapadi, N. Mishra, R. Motwani, U. Srivastava, D. Thomas, J. Widom, and Y. Xu, “Vision Paper: Enabling Privacy for the Paranoids,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Very Large Data Bases (VLDB), 2004.
[5] R. Agrawal, J. Kiernan, R. Srikant, and Y. Xu, “Hippocratic Databases,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Very Large Data Bases (VLDB), 2002.
[6] A.R. Beresford, “Location Privacy in Ubiquitous Computing,” PhD thesis, Computer Laboratory, Univ. of Cambridge, 2005.
[7] T. Brinkhoff, “A Framework for Generating Network-Based Moving Objects,” GeoInformatica, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 153-180, 2002.
[8] A.R. Butz, “Alternative Algorithm for Hilbert's Space-Filling Curve,” IEEE Trans. Computers, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 424-426, Apr. 1971.
[9] C.-Y. Chow and M.F. Mokbel, “Enabling Private Continuous Queries for Revealed User Locations,” Proc. Int'l Symp. Spatial and Temporal Databases (SSTD), 2007.
[10] C.-Y. Chow, M.F. Mokbel, and X. Liu, “A Peer-to-Peer Spatial Cloaking Algorithm for Anonymous Location-Based Service,” Proc. Ann. ACM Int'l Symp. Advances in Geographic Information Systems (GIS), 2006.
[11] E.W. Dijkstra, “A Note on Two Problems in Connection with Graphs,” Numerische Math., vol. 1, pp. 269-271, 1959.
[12] M. Duckham and L. Kulik, “A Formal Model of Obfuscation and Negotiation for Location Privacy,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Pervasive Computing (PERVASIVE), 2005.
[13] J. Edmonds and E. Johnson, “Matching, Euler Tours and the Chinese Postman,” Math. Programming, vol. 5, pp. 88-124, 1973.
[14] B. Gedik and L. Liu, “Location Privacy in Mobile Systems: A Personalized Anonymization Model,” Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS), 2005.
[15] G. Ghinita, P. Kalnis, A. Khoshgozaran, C. Shahabi, and K.-L. Tan, “Private Queries in Location Based Services: Anonymizers Are Not Necessary,” Proc. ACM SIGMOD, 2008.
[16] G. Ghinita, P. Kalnis, and S. Skiadopoulos, “PRIVE: Anonymous Location-Based Queries in Distributed Mobile Systems,” Proc. Int'l World Wide Web Conf. (WWW), 2007.
[17] M. Gruteser and D. Grunwald, “Anonymous Usage of Location-Based Services through Spatial and Temporal Cloaking,” Proc. MobiSys, 2003.
[18] E.G. Hoel and H. Samet, “Efficient Processing of Spatial Queries in Line Segment Databases,” Proc. Int'l Symp. Advances in Spatial Databases (SSD), 1991.
[19] X. Huang, C.S. Jensen, and S. Saltenis, “The Islands Approach to Nearest Neighbor Querying in Spatial Networks,” Proc. Int'l Symp. Spatial and Temporal Databases (SSTD), 2005.
[20] P. Indyk and D. Woodruff, “Polylogarithmic Private Approximations and Efficient Matching,” Proc. Theory of Cryptography Conf., 2006.
[21] N. Jefferies, C.J. Mitchell, and M. Walker, “A Proposed Architecture for Trusted Third Party Services,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Cryptography: Policy and Algorithms (CPA), 1995.
[22] N. Jing, Y.W. Huang, and E.A. Rundensteiner, “Hierarchical Encoded Path Views for Path Query Processing: An Optimal Model and Its Performance Evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Eng., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 409-432, May/June 1998.
[23] P. Kalnis, G. Ghinita, K. Mouratidis, and D. Papadias, “Preserving Location-Based Identity Inference in Anonymous Spatial Queries,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Eng., vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1719-1733, Dec. 2007.
[24] A. Khoshgozaran and C. Shahabi, “Blind Evaluation of Nearest Neighbor Queries Using Space Transformation to Preserve Location Privacy,” Proc. Int'l Symp. Spatial and Temporal Databases (SSTD), 2007.
[25] H. Kido, Y. Yanagisawa, and T. Satoh, “An Anonymous Communication Technique using Dummies for Location-Based Services,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Pervasive Services (ICPS), 2005.
[26] M.R. Kolahdouzan and C. Shahabi, “Voronoi-Based K Nearest Neighbor Search for Spatial Network Databases,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Very Large Data Bases (VLDB), 2004.
[27] T.J. Lehman and M.J. Carey, “Query Processing in Main Memory Database Management Systems,” Proc. ACM SIGMOD, 1986.
[28] M.F. Mokbel, C.-Y. Chow, and W.G. Aref, “The New Casper: Query Processing for Location Services without Compromising Privacy,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Very Large Data Bases (VLDB), 2006.
[29] D. Papadias, P. Kalnis, J. Zhang, and Y. Tao, “Efficient OLAP Operations in Spatial Data Warehouses,” Proc. Int'l Symp. Spatial and Temporal Databases (SSTD), 2001.
[30] D. Papadias, J. Zhang, N. Mamoulis, and Y. Tao, “Query Processing in Spatial Network Databases,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Very Large Data Bases (VLDB), 2003.
[31] S. Shekhar and D. Liu, “CCAM: A Connectivity-Clustered Access Method for Networks and Network Computations,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Eng., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 102-119, Jan./Feb. 1997.
[32] S. Skiena, “Eulerian Cycles,” Implementing Discrete Math.: Combinatorics and Graph Theory with Mathematica, pp. 192-196, Addison-Wesley, 1990.
[33] L. Sweeney, “$k$ -Anonymity: A Model for Protecting Privacy,” Int'l J. Uncertainty, Fuzziness, and Knowledge-Based Systems, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 557-570, 2002.
[34] R.J. Wilson, “An Eulerian Trail through Konigsberg,” J. Graph Theory, vol. 10, pp. 265-275, 1986.
[35] M.L. Yiu, C.S. Jensen, X. Huang, and H. Lu, “SpaceTwist: Managing the Trade Offs among Location Privacy, Query Performance, and Query Accuracy in Mobile Services,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Data Eng. (ICDE), 2008.
[36] M.L. Yiu and N. Mamoulis, “Clustering Objects on a Spatial Network,” Proc. ACM SIGMOD, 2004.
16 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool