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Issue No.04 - April (2007 vol.19)
pp: 568-580
Xuelong Li , IEEE
ABSTRACT
Recently, relevance feedback (RF) in content-based image retrieval (CBIR) has been implemented as an online binary classifier to separate the positive samples from the negative samples, where both sets of samples are labeled by the user. In many applications, it is reasonable to assume that all the positive samples are alike and thus that the region of the feature space occupied by the positive samples can be described by a single hypersurface. However, for the negative samples, previous RF methods either treat each one of the negative samples as an isolated point or assume the whole negative set can be described by a single convex hypersurface. In this paper, we argue that these treatments of the negative samples are not sound. Our belief is all positive samples are included in a set and the negative samples split into a small number of subsets, each one of which has a simple distribution. Therefore, we first cluster the negative samples into several groups; for each such negative group, we build a marginal convex machine (MCM) subclassifier between it and the single positive group which results in a series of subclassifiers. These subclassifiers are then incorporated into a biased MCM (BMCM) for RF. Experiments were carried out to prove the advantages of BMCM-based RF over previous methods for RF.
INDEX TERMS
Content-based image retrieval (CBIR), relevance feedback (RF), marginal convex machine (MCM), biased marginal convex machine (BMCM), kernel marginal convex machine (KMCM), kernel biased marginal convex machine (KBMCM).
CITATION
Dacheng Tao, Xuelong Li, Stephen J. Maybank, "Negative Samples Analysis in Relevance Feedback", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol.19, no. 4, pp. 568-580, April 2007, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2007.1003