This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
Data Management Challenges and Development for Military Information Systems
September/October 2003 (vol. 15 no. 5)
pp. 1059-1068

Abstract—This paper explores challenges facing information system professionals in the management of data and knowledge in the Department of Defense (DOD), particularly in the information systems utilized to support Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I). These information systems include operational tactical systems, decision-support systems, modeling and simulation systems, and nontactical business systems, all of which affect the design, operation, interoperation, and application of C4I systems. Specific topics include issues in integration and interoperability, joint standards, data access, data aggregation, information system component reuse, and legacy systems. Broad technological trends, as well as the use of specific developing technologies are discussed in light of how they may enable the DOD to meet the present and future information-management challenges.

[1] T.J. Brando, Comparing DCE and CORBA. MP 95B0000093, Bedford, Mass.: The Mitre Corp., 1995.
[2] D. Brown, DCE Open Client and Open Server Support of the Distributed Computing Environment. Emeryville, CA: Sybase Corp. Technical Paper Series, 1995.
[3] J.D. Burke, Achieving Joint Interoperability Through Information Standards Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '95, pp. 37-52, Aug. 1995.
[4] P.L. Carbone, Data Mining: Knowledge Discovery in Data Bases Handbook of Data Management, pp. 611-624, Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, LLC, 1998.
[5] M.G. Ceruti, Development Options for the Joint Maritime Command Information System (JMCIS) Specialized Data Servers Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '96, pp. 217-227, Aug. 1996.
[6] M.G. Ceruti, Application of Knowledge-Base Technology for Problem Solving in Information-Systems Integration Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '97, pp. 215-234, Sep. 1997.
[7] M.G. Ceruti and M.N. Kamel, Semantic Heterogeneity in Database and Data Dictionary Integration for Command and Control Systems Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '94, pp. 65-89, Aug. 1994.
[8] M.G. Ceruti, M.N. Kamel, and B.M. Thuraisingham, Object-Oriented Technology for Integrating Distributed Heterogeneous Database Systems Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '95, pp. 79-98, Aug. 1995.
[9] M.G. Ceruti, S.D. Rotter, K. Timmerman, and J. Ross, Operations Support System (OSS) Integrated Database (IDB) Design and Development: Software Reuse Lessons Learned Proc. Armed Forces Comm. and Electronics Assoc. Database Colloquium '92, Aug. 1992.
[10] M.G. Ceruti, R.C. Trout, and T. Lee, Complementary Processing and Its Impact on Software Performance Proc. Fourth Int'l IEEE Workshop Object-Oriented Real-Time Dependable Systems, WORDS '99, pp. 110-116, Jan. 1999.
[11] M.G. Ceruti, Challenges in Data Management for the United States Department of Defense (DOD) Command, Control Communications Computers and Intelligence (${\rm{C}}^4{\rm{I}}$) Systems Proc. 22nd Ann. Int'l Computer Software and Applications Conf., IEEE COMPSAC '98, pp. 622-629, Aug. 1998.
[12] V.K. Chaudhri, A. Farquhar, R. Fikes, P.D. Karp, and J.P. Rice, Open Knowledge Base Connectivity 2.0. Knowledge Systems Laboratory Technical Report No. KSL-98-06,http://csdl.computer.org/comp/trans/tk/2001/ 04/k0527abs.htmhttp://ksl-web.stanford.edu/ KSL_AbstractsKSL-98-06.html, 1998.
[13] V. Chaudhri et al., "OKBC: A Programmatic Foundation for Knowledge Base Interoperability," Proc. 15th Nat'l Conf. AI (AAAI-98), MIT-AAAI Press, Menlo Park, Calif., 1998, pp. 600-607.
[14] P. Cooper, GCCS Gives Allies Unique Data Sharing Powers Defense News, Oct. 1996.
[15] R.T. Due, Object Technology Essentials Handbook of Data Management, CRC Press, LLC, Boca Raton, chap. 14, pp. 187-203, 1998.
[16] A. Eisenberg and J. Melton,"SQL:1999, Formerly Known as SQL3," ACM SIGMOD Record, vol. 28, no. 1, Mar. 1999, pp. 131-138.
[17] R. Fikes and A. Farquhar, Large-Scale Repositories of Highly Expressive Reusable Knowledge. Stanford Univ. Knowledge Systems Laboratory, Report No. KSL 97-02, Mar. 1997.
[18] R. Foss and R. Naleen, An Environment for Metadata Engineering Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '97, pp. 75-91, Sept. 1997.
[19] J. Fowler, M. Nodine, B. Perry, and B. Bargmeyer, Agent-Based Semantic Interoperability in Infosleuth Sigmod Record, vol. 28, vol. 1, pp. 60-67, Mar. 1999.
[20] M. Frank, Database and the Internet DBMS Magazine, vol. 8, no. 13, pp. 44-64, 1995.
[21] J.N. Froscher, Security Information Through a Replicated Architecture Handbook of Data Management, chap. 13, Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, LLC, pp. 173-183, 1998.
[22] R. Gressang, G. Michaels, E. Harris, J. Mathwick, and J. Lu, Database Integration Using NWTDB Procedures Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '95, pp. 99-105, Aug. 1995.
[23] T.R. Gruber, “A Translation Approach to Portable Ontology Specifications,” Knowledge Acquisition, vol. 5, pp. 199-220, 1993.
[24] W.J. Holland, Jr., The Race Goes to the Swiftest in Commercial, Military Frays Signal, vol. 52, no. 7, pp. 68-71, Mar. 1998.
[25] Information Technology Open Systems Interconnection Remote Database Access Part 1: Generic Model, Service and Protocol. Int'l Organization for Standardization and Int'l Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC), (ISO/IEC 9579-1, 1993(E)), Geneva, Switzerland: ISO/IEC Copyright Office, 1993.
[26] Information Technology Open Systems Interconnection Remote Database Access Part 2: SQL Specialization. Int'l Organization for Standardization and Int'l Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC), (ISO/IEC 9579-2, 1993(E)), Geneva, Switzerland: ISO/IEC Copyright Office, 1993.
[27] R. Lawson, Developing Web-Based Internet Applications with Reusable Business Components Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '96, pp. 503-520, Aug. 1996.
[28] J. Little, Using Expert Systems to Standardize Data Elements Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '95, pp. 205-217, Aug. 1995.
[29] J.E. Mathwick, Database Integration, Practical Lessons Learned Proc. Department of Defense Database Colloquium '97, pp. 31-38, Sept. 1997.
[30] J. McKee, JMCIS:‘The Big Picture,’ Surface Warfare, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 10-11, 1995.
[31] J. Melton, ANSI SQL3 Update Database Programming and Design, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 61-63, 1995.
[32] The Common Object Request Broker: Architectureand Specification. Object Management Group (OMG) and X/Open Company Limited, Revision 1.1, OMG Document Number 91.12.1 Revision 1.1, 1992.
[33] P. Piper, CIM/EI Data Metrics Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '95, pp. 351-357, Aug. 1995.
[34] P. Piper, Defense Information Infrastructure (DII) Shared Data Environment (SHADE) Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '96, pp. 407-418, Aug. 1996.
[35] D.C. Reilly and J.A. Flemming, Lessons Learned in Legacy Data Access Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '95, pp. 623-629, Aug. 1995.
[36] S.A. Renner, Organization, Process and Technical Foundation for Data Interoperabilty Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '97, pp. 39-48, Sept. 1997.
[37] S.A. Renner, A.S. Rosenthal, and J.G. Scarano, Data Interoperability Between${\rm{C}}^3{\rm{I}}$Systems Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '95, pp. 107-116, Aug. 1995.
[38] M. Roantree, J. Murphy, and W. Hasselbring, The OASIS Multidatabase Prototype SIGMOD Record, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 97-103, 1999.
[39] A. Rosenthal and M.G. Ceruti, Toward Data Administration in the Large Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '96, pp. 37-51, Aug. 1996.
[40] K. Smith and L. Obrst, Unpacking the Semantics of Source and Usage to Perform Semantic Reconciliation in Large-Scale Information Systems SIGMMOD Record, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 26-31, 1999.
[41] SSC San Diego '97 Brief. SPAWAR Systems Center, San Diego, corporate publication, SSC SD TD 2949, June 1997.
[42] B. Thompson and A.K. Anderson, Achieving‘Jointness’Through Improved Levels of Information System Interoperabilty (LISI) Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium '97, pp. 49-61, Sept. 1997.
[43] B.M. Thuraisingham, Data Management Systems: Evolution and Interoperation. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press LLC, 1997.
[44] B.M. Thuraisingham, Data Mining: Technology, Techniques, Tools, and Trends. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press LLC, 1999.
[45] J. Wineland, The Naval Warfare Tactical Data Base (NWTDB) Data Standardization Process Proc. Dept. of Defense Database Colloquium, pp. 3-8, Aug. 1994.
[46] http://www.darpa.mil/DARPATech2000presentation.html , 2002.

Index Terms:
Comand and control, data access, data aggregation, data and knowledge management, data mining, integration and interoperability, military information system, network-centric warfare, software reuse, standards.
Citation:
Marion G. Ceruti, "Data Management Challenges and Development for Military Information Systems," IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1059-1068, Sept.-Oct. 2003, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2003.1232263
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.