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Algorithms for Asynchronous Parallel Processing of Object-Oriented Databases
June 1995 (vol. 7 no. 3)
pp. 487-504

Abstract—Management of large quantities of complex data is essential in many advanced application areas. Object-oriented (OO) database management systems have been developed to effectively model and process the complex domain knowledge. They have been shown to outperform some existing relational systems. The existing implementations of OO database management systems attempt to improve the efficiency of OO queries by explicitly capturing the relationships among objects. However, the execution of complex queries involving the retrieval of objects from many classes and relationships among them causes the existing systems to operate inefficiently. In this paper, we present parallel algorithms for the processing of queries against a large OO database. The algorithms are based on a closed model of query processing using pattern-based access instead of the conventional value-based access. During processing, the algorithms avoid the execution of time-consuming join operations by making use of the explicitly stored object associations. Generation of large quantities of temporary data is avoided by marking objects using their identifiers and by employing a two-phase query processing strategy. A query is processed by concurrent multiple waves, thereby improving parallelism and avoiding the complexities introduced in their sequential implementation. The correctness and the performance of the parallel algorithms have been tested and analyzed by running parallel programs on a 32-node Transputer based parallel machine designed and developed at the IBM Research Center at Yorktown Heights, New York. Benchmark queries of different semantic complexities are generated, and their performance is analyzed for various data and query parameters.

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Index Terms:
Asynchronous, object-oriented databases, parallel algorithms, performance evaluation, query processing.
Arun K. Thakore, Stanley Y.W. Su, Herman X. Lam, "Algorithms for Asynchronous Parallel Processing of Object-Oriented Databases," IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 487-504, June 1995, doi:10.1109/69.390252
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