This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
Creating Domain Specific Metadata for Scientific Data and Knowledge Bases
December 1991 (vol. 3 no. 4)
pp. 421-434

The authors examine a particular type of domain-based metadata for which a complete ready-made conceptual framework is not and probably cannot be directly supported in predefined data models of knowledge-based representation paradigms. The data or knowledge base designer thus has the burden of sometimes working outside a familiar and otherwise appropriate model. The authors discuss issues arising in formulating certain domain-based metadata extensions and provide guidelines for developing them. These results derive from a continuing effort to create a knowledge base to support research on biological organisms. The added semantics are used to support a more flexible and reliable system for identification.

[1] A. Barr and E. A. Feigenbaum,The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 1.Los Altos, CA: Kaufman, 1981.
[2] D. S. Batory and W. Kim, "Modeling concepts for VLSI CAD objects,"ACM Trans. Database Syst., vol. 10, no. 3, Sept. 1985.
[3] M.L. Brodie, J. Mylopoulos, and J. W. Schmidt, Eds.,On Conceptual Modeling: Perspective from Artificial Intelligence, Databases, and Programming Languages. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1984.
[4] M. Brodie and J. Mylopoulos, eds.,On Knowledge Base Management Systems, Springer-Verlag, New York, N.Y., 1986.
[5] B. G. Buchanan and E. H. Shortliffe,Rule-Based Expert Systems: The MYCIN Experiments of the Stanford Heuristics Programming Project.Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1984.
[6] P. P. Chen, "The Entity-Relationship Model -- Towards a Unified View of Data,"ACM Trans. Database Syst., Vol. 1, No. 1, Mar. 1976, pp. 9-36.
[7] J. Diederich, R. Fortuner, and J. Milton, "Building a knowledge base for plant parasitic nematodes: Description and specification of metadata," inProc. NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Morphological Identification of Plant-parasitic Nematode Genera. New York: Plenum, June 1988.
[8] J. Diederich and J. Milton, "Semantic indexes: Associative access to objects via metadata," Tech. Rep., Math Dep., U.C. Davis.
[9] W. S. Faught, "Applications of AI in engineering,"IEEE Comput. Mag., vol. 19, pp. 17-27, July 1986.
[10] J. A. Feldman and P. D. Rovner, "An algol-based associative language,"Commun. ACM, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 439-449, Aug. 1969.
[11] S. Finkelstein, "Data and knowledge: A database perspective," Siglunch presentation, Stanford Univ., Nov. 1988.
[12] R. Fortuner, "A new description of the process of identification of plant-parasitic nematode genera, " inProc. NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Morphological Identification of Plant-parasitic Nematode Genera. New York: Plenum, June 1988.
[13] M. Hammer and D. J. McLead, "Database description with SDM: a semantic database model,"ACM Trans. Database Syst., pp. 351-386, Sept. 1981.
[14] R. Hull and R. King, "Semantic database modeling: Survey, applications, and research issues," Tech. Rep. CRI 87-20, Dep. Comput. Sci., Univ. of Southern California, Mar. 1987.
[15] W. F. Mai and H. H. Lyon,Pictorial Key to Genera of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes, 4th ed., rev. Ithaca, NY: Comstock Pub. Assoc., Cornell Univ. Press, 1975.
[16] D. Maieret al., "Development of an object-oriented DBMS," inProc. ACM OOPSLA'86, pp. 472-482, 1986.
[17] R. Miller, H. Pople, and J. Myers, "Internist-1. An experimental computer-based diagnostic consultant for general internal medicine," inReadings in Medical Artificial Intelligence, W. J. Clancey and E. Shortliff, Eds. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1984, pp. 190-209.
[18] J. N. Sasser and D. W. Freckman, "A world perspective on nematology: The role of the society," inVistas on Nematology, J. A. Veech and D. W. Dickson, Eds. Hyattsville, MD: Society of Nematologists, 1987, pp. 7-14.
[19] M. Shaw, J. Bradshaw, B. Gaines, and J. Boose, "Rapid prototyping techniques for expert systems," inProc. 4th Conf. AI Appl., San Diego, CA, IEEE, Mar. 1988, pp. 34-39.
[20] T. Shorliffe and L. Fagin, "Research training in medical informatics: The Stanford experience," inProc. Int. Symp. Medical Informatics and Education, Victoria, B.C., Canada, May 1989.
[21] M. Stonebraker and L. Rowe, "The design of POSTGRES," inProc. 1986 ACM-SIGMOD Conf. Management of Data, Washington, DC, May 1986.
[22] S.Y.W. Su, "SAM*: A semantic association model for corporate and scientific-statistical databases,"Information Sciences, Vol. 29. New York: Elsevier Science, 1983, pp. 151-199.
[23] S. Y. W. Su, V. Krishnamurthy, and H. Lam, "An obiect-oriented semantic association model,"AI Industrial Engineering and Manufacturing: Theoretical Issues and Applications, S. Kumara, R. L. Kashyap, and A. L. Soyster, Eds., American Institute of Industrial Engineers, 1988.
[24] D. Tsichritzis and F. Lochovsky,Data Models, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1982.
[25] D. Ungar and R. Smith, "SELF: The power of simplicity," inProc. ACM Conf. OOPSLA, pp. 227-241, Oct. 1987.

Index Terms:
domain specific metadata; scientific data; predefined data models; knowledge-based representation; research; biological organisms; semantics; identification; biology computing; database management systems; knowledge based systems; knowledge representation
Citation:
J. Diederich, J. Milton, "Creating Domain Specific Metadata for Scientific Data and Knowledge Bases," IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 421-434, Dec. 1991, doi:10.1109/69.109104
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.