The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.02 - April-June (2013 vol.6)
pp: 206-216
E. Berdahl , Dept. of Music, Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA, USA
J. O. Smith , Dept. of Music, Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA, USA
S. Weinzierl , Audio Commun. Group, Tech. Univ. of Berlin, Berlin, Germany
G. Niemeyer , Willow Garage Res. Lab. in Menlo Park, Menlo Park, CA, USA
ABSTRACT
Haptic technology, providing force cues and creating a programmable interface, can assist users in more accurately using an interface. This paper investigates haptic assistance in combination with auditory feedback instead of visual feedback. A user test is carried out in which participants select fundamental frequencies from a continuous range to play brief musical melodies. Two control conditions are compared with two detent-based haptic assistance conditions. The detents gently guide the users toward locations of equal tempered fundamental frequencies. Results from the user test confirm improved accuracy brought about by the detents. It is further helpful to provide regulation of the strength of haptic assistance in real time, allowing the user to remain always in control. This concept motivated the force-sensitive detent condition, which enables the user to adjust the strength of the haptic assistance in real time by changing the downward force applied to the haptic device. The work implies that users of graphical user interfaces could similarly benefit from force-sensitive detents and more generally real-time regulation of the strength of haptic assistance.
INDEX TERMS
Force, Instruments, Graphical user interfaces, Force feedback, Real time systems, Educational institutions,music, Haptics, haptic assistance, detents, force-sensitive detents, subject test, Theremin, haptic widgets
CITATION
E. Berdahl, J. O. Smith, S. Weinzierl, G. Niemeyer, "Force-Sensitive Detents Improve User Performance for Linear Selection Tasks", IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol.6, no. 2, pp. 206-216, April-June 2013, doi:10.1109/TOH.2012.55
REFERENCES
[1] T. Miller and R. Zeleznik, "The Design of 3D Haptic Widgets," Proc. Symp Interactive 3D Graphics, pp. 97-102, Apr. 1999.
[2] I. Oakley, A. Adams, S. Brewster, and P. Gray, "Guidelines for the Design of Haptic Widgets," Proc. 16th British HCI Group Ann. Conf., pp. 195-211, Sept. 2002.
[3] S. Snibbe, K. MacLean, R. Shaw, J. Roderick, B. Verplank, and M. Scheeff, "Haptic Techniques for Media Control," Proc. 14th Ann. ACM Symp. User Interface Software and Technology, pp. 199-208, 2001.
[4] B. Verplank, "Haptic Music Exercises," Proc. Int'l Conf. New Interfaces for Musical Expression, pp. 256-257, 2005.
[5] F. Engel, P. Goossens, and R. Haakma, "Improved Efficiency Through I- and E-Feedback: A Trackball with Contextual Force Feedback," Int'l J. Human-Computer Studies, vol. 41, pp. 949-974, 1994.
[6] M. Akamatsu and S. Sato, "A Multi-Modal Mouse with Tactile and Force Feedback," Int'l J. Human-Computer Studies, vol. 40, pp. 443-453, 1994.
[7] J. Dennerlein, D. Martin, and C. Hasser, "Force-Feedback Improves Performance for Steering and Combined Steering-Targeting Tasks," Proc. SIGCHI Conf. Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '00), vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 423-429, 2000.
[8] F. Picon, M. Ammi, and P. Bourdot, "Force Model for CAD Selection," Proc. ACM Symp. Virtual Reality Software and Technology, pp. 283-284, 2008.
[9] T. Yamada, D. Tsubouchi, T. Ogi, and M. Hirose, "Desk-Sized Immersive Workplace Using Force Feedback Grid Interface," Proc. IEEE Virtual Reality Conf., pp. 135-142, 2002.
[10] L. Rosenberg and S. Brave, "Using Force Feedback to Enhance Human Performance in Graphical User Interfaces," Proc. Conf. Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 291-292, Apr. 1996.
[11] L. Rosenberg and S. Brave, "The Use of Force Feedback to Enhance Graphical User Interfaces," Proc. SPIE, vol. 2653, pp. 243-248, 1996.
[12] J. Dennerlein and M. Yang, "Haptic Force-Feedback Devices for the Office Computer: Performance and Musculoskeletal Loading Issues," J. Human Factors, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 278-86, 2001.
[13] I. Oakley, S. Brewster, and P. Gray, "Solving Multi-Target Haptic Problems in Menu Interaction," Proc. Conf. Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 357-358, 2001.
[14] I. Oakley, "Haptic Augmentation of the Cursor: Transforming Virtual Actions into Physical Actions," PhD dissertation, Univ. Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, May 2003.
[15] F. Picon, M. Ammi, and P. Bourdot, "Case Study of Haptic Methods for Selection on CAD Models," Proc. IEEE Virtual Reality Conf., pp. 209-212, Mar. 2008.
[16] F. Hwang, S. Keates, P. Langdon, and P.J. Clarkson, "Multiple Haptic Targets for Motion-Impaired Computer Users," Proc. Conf. Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 41-48, 2003.
[17] H. Oirschot and A. Houtsma, "Cursor Trajectory Analysis," Proc. First Int'l Workshop Haptic Human-Computer Interaction, vol. 2058, pp. 127-134, Aug./Sept. 2001.
[18] H.K.V. Oirschot and A. Houtsma, "Cursor Displacement and Velocity Profiles for Targets in Various Locations," Proc. EuroHaptics, pp. 108-112, 2001.
[19] S. Münch and R. Dillmann, "Haptic Output in Multimodal User Interfaces," Proc. Second Int'l Conf. Intelligent User Interfaces, pp. 105-112, 1997.
[20] C. Passenberg, N. Stefanov, A. Peer, and M. Buss, "Enhancing Task Classification in Human-Machine Collaborative Teleoperation Systems by Real-Time Evaluation of an Agreement Criterion," Proc. IEEE World Haptics Conf., pp. 493-498, June 2011.
[21] R. Schmidt and T. Lee, Motor Control and Learning: A Behavioral Emphasis. Human Kinetics Publishers, 2005.
[22] G. Grindlay, "Haptic Guidance Benefits Musical Motor Learning," Proc. Symp. Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, pp. 397-404, Mar. 2008.
[23] B. Gillespie, S. O'Modhrain, P. Tang, D. Zaretzky, and C. Pham, "The Virtual Teacher," Proc. ASME Int'l Mechanical Eng. Congress, Nov. 1998.
[24] D. Morris, H. Tan, F. Barbagli, T. Chang, and K. Salisbury, "Haptic Feedback Enhances Force Skill Learning," Proc. Second Joint EuroHaptics Conf. and Symp Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, pp. 21-26, Mar. 2007.
[25] L. Theremin, "Method of and Apparatus for the Generation of Sounds," US Patent No. 1,661,058, Feb. 1928.
[26] E. Berdahl and W. Ju, "Satellite CCRMA: A Musical Interaction and Sound Synthesis Platform," Proc. Int'l Conf. New Interfaces for Musical Expression, pp. 173-178, May/June 2011.
[27] S. O'Modhrain, "Playing by Feel: Incorporating Haptic Feedback into Computer-Based Musical Instruments," PhD dissertation, Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA, 2000.
[28] E. Berdahl, G. Niemeyer, and J.O. Smith, "Using Haptics to Assist Performers in Making Gestures to a Musical Instrument," Proc. Ninth Int'l Conf. New Interfaces for Musical Expression, pp. 177-182, June 2009.
[29] C. Roads, The Computer Music Tutorial. MIT Press, Feb. 1996.
[30] N. Fletcher and T. Rossing, The Physics of Musical Instruments, second ed. Springer, 1998.
[31] W. Moss and B. Cunitz, "Haptic Theremin: Developing a Haptic Musical Controller Using the Sensable Phantom Omni," Proc. Int'l Computer Music Conf., Sept. 2005.
[32] E. Berdahl, "Applications of Feedback Control to Musical Instrument Design," PhD Dissertation, Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA, http://purl.stanford.edupb603fs3989, Dec. 2009.
[33] C. Passenberg, R. Groten, A. Peer, and M. Buss, "Towards Real-Time Haptic Assistance Adaptation Optimizing Task Performance and Human Effort," Proc. IEEE World Haptics Conf., pp. 155-160, June 2011.
[34] S. Mikkelsen et al., "Validity of Questionnaire Self-Reports on Computer, Mouse and Keyboard Usage during a Four-Week Period," Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 64, pp. 541-547, 2007.
[35] P.W. Johnson, J. Dropkin, J. Hewes, and D. Rempel, "Office Ergonomics: Motional Analysis of Computer Mouse Usage," Proc. Am. Industrial Hygiene Conf. and Exposition, pp. 11-12, 1993.
117 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool