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The Role of Haptics in Medical Training Simulators: A Survey of the State of the Art
January-March 2011 (vol. 4 no. 1)
pp. 51-66
Timothy R. Coles, Bangor University, Bangor, Wales
Dwight Meglan, SimQuest, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA
Nigel W. John, Bangor University, Bangor, Wales
This review paper discusses the role of haptics within virtual medical training applications, particularly, where it can be used to aid a practitioner to learn and practice a task. The review summarizes aspects to be considered in the deployment of haptics technologies in medical training. First, both force/torque and tactile feedback hardware solutions that are currently produced commercially and in academia are reviewed, followed by the available haptics-related software and then an in-depth analysis of medical training simulations that include haptic feedback. The review is summarized with scrutiny of emerging technologies and discusses future directions in the field.

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Index Terms:
State of the art, haptics, force feedback, tactile feedback, medical simulation, training.
Timothy R. Coles, Dwight Meglan, Nigel W. John, "The Role of Haptics in Medical Training Simulators: A Survey of the State of the Art," IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 51-66, Jan.-March 2011, doi:10.1109/TOH.2010.19
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