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Vibrotactile Feedback for Information Delivery in the Vehicle
April-June 2010 (vol. 3 no. 2)
pp. 138-149
Jonghyun Ryu, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang
Jaemin Chun, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang
Gunhyuk Park, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang
Seungmoon Choi, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang
Sung H. Han, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang
As technology advances, more functions have been, and continue to be added to the vehicle, resulting in increased needs for improved user interfaces. In this paper, we investigate the feasibility of using vibrotactile feedback for in-vehicle information delivery. First, we measured the spectral characteristics of ambient vibrations in a vehicle, and designed clearly distinguishable sinusoidal vibrations. We further selected via dissimilarity rating the four sets of sinusoidal vibrations which had three to six vibrations. Second, we evaluated the learnability of the vibration sets when associated with common menu items of a Driver Information System (DIS). We also replaced the two most confused sinusoidal vibrations with patterned messages, and assessed the degree of learnability improvement. Finally, we evaluated the extent to which participants could select a desired function in a DIS via vibrotactile messages while simultaneously performing a driving-like primary task with higher priority. The results demonstrated high potential for vibrotactile messages to be effectively used for the communicative transfer of in-vehicle system information.

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Index Terms:
Haptic I/O, human performance, tactile display, automotive, vibrotactile feedback, information delivery.
Jonghyun Ryu, Jaemin Chun, Gunhyuk Park, Seungmoon Choi, Sung H. Han, "Vibrotactile Feedback for Information Delivery in the Vehicle," IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 138-149, April-June 2010, doi:10.1109/TOH.2010.1
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