The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.02 - April-June (2010 vol.3)
pp: 88-97
Abdelkrim Talbi , Joint International Laboratory LEMAC: Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology (IEMN-UMR CNRS), Villeneuve d'Ascq
Philippe Pernod , Joint International Laboratory LEMAC: Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology (IEMN-UMR CNRS), Villeneuve d'Ascq
Vladimir Preobrazhensky , Joint International Laboratory LEMAC: Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, Villeneuve d'Ascq and Wave Research Center of Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS
Highly efficient tactile display devices must fulfill technical requirements for tactile stimulation, all the while preserving the lightness and compactness needed for handheld operation. This paper focuses on the elaboration of highly integrated magnetic microactuators for tactile display devices. FEM simulation, conception, fabrication, and characterization of these microactuators are presented in this paper. The current demonstrator offers a 4 × 4 flexible microactuator array with a resolution of 2 mm. Each actuator is composed of a Poly (Dimethyl-Siloxane) (PDMS) elastomeric membrane, magnetically actuated by coil-magnet interaction. It represents a proof of concept for fully integrated MEMS tactile devices, with fair actuation forces provided for a power consumption up to 100 mW per microactuator. The prototypes are destined to provide both static and dynamic tactile sensations, with an optimized membrane geometry for actuation frequencies between DC and 350 Hz. On the basis of preliminary experiments, this display device can offer skin stimulations for various tactile stimuli for applications in the fields of Virtual Reality or Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). Moreover, the elastomeric material used in this device and its global compactness offer great advantages in matter of comfort of use and capabilities of integration in haptic devices.
Actuators, MEMS, micromagnetomechanical systems (MMMS), tactile display, magnetic actuation.
Abdelkrim Talbi, Philippe Pernod, Vladimir Preobrazhensky, "New Magnetic Microactuator Design Based on PDMS Elastomer and MEMS Technologies for Tactile Display", IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol.3, no. 2, pp. 88-97, April-June 2010, doi:10.1109/TOH.2009.61
[1] J. Pasquero, "Survey on Communication through Touch," TR-CIM 06.04, Center for Intelligent Machines-McGill Univ., Aug. 2006.
[2] M. Hafez, "Tactile Interfaces: Technologies, Applications and Challenges," Visual Computer, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 267-272, Apr. 2007.
[3] M.V. Ottermo, O. Stavdahl, and T.A. Johansen, "Design and Performance of a Prototype Tactile Shape Display for Minimally Invasive Surgery," Haptics-E J., vol. 4, no. 4, Dec. 2008.
[4] I.R. Summers, C.M. Chanter, A.L. Southall, and A.C. Brady, "Results from a Tactile Array on the Fingertip," Proc. Eurohaptics Conf., pp. 26-28, July 2001.
[5] I.R. Summers and C.M. Chanter, "A Broadband Tactile Array on the Fingertip," J. Acoustical Soc. Am., vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 2118-2126, Nov. 2002.
[6] G. Moy, C. Wagner, and R.S. Fearing, "A Compliant Tactile Display for Teletaction," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Robotics and Automation, pp. 3409-3415, Apr. 2000.
[7] D. Caldwell, N. Tsagarakis, and C. Giesler, "An Integrated Tactile/Shear Feedback Array for Stimulation of Finger Mechanoreceptor," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Robotics and Automation, pp. 287-292, May 1999.
[8] I. Sarakoglou, N. Tsagarakis, and D. Caldwell, "A Portable Fingertip Tactile Feedback Array—Transmission System Reliability and Modelling," Proc. First Joint Eurohaptics Conf. and Symp. Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, pp. 547-548, Mar. 2005.
[9] S. Nagasawa and H. Yamamoto, "Electrostatic Tactile Display with Thin Film Slider and Its Application to Tactile Telepresentation Systems," IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 168-177, Mar./Apr. 2006.
[10] M. Biet, F. Giraud, and B. Semail, "Squeeze Film Effect for the Design of an Ultrasonic Tactile Plate," IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, vol. 54, no. 12, pp. 2678-2688, Dec. 2007.
[11] M. Benali-Khoudja, M. Hafez, and A. Kheddar, "VITAL: An Electromagnetic Integrated Tactile Display," Displays, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 133-144, Apr. 2007.
[12] T. Fukuda, H. Morita, F. Arai, H. Ishihara, and H. Matsuura, "Micro Resonator Using Electromagnetic Actuator for Tactile Display," Proc. Int'l Symp. Micromechatronics and Human Science, pp. 143-148, 1997.
[13] A. Talbi, O. Ducloux, N. Tiercelin, Y. Deblock, P. Pernod, and V. Preobrazhensky, "Vibrotactile Using Micromachined Electromagnetic Actuators Array," Proc. Int'l MEMS Conf., pp. 637-642, May 2006.
[14] V. Hayward and J.M. Cruz-Hernández, "Tactile Display Device Using Distributed Lateral Skin Stretch," Proc. Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems Symp., ASME Int'l Mechanical Eng. Congress and Exposition (IMECE '00), pp. 1309-1314, Nov. 2000.
[15] J. Pasquero and V. Hayward, "STReSS: A Practical Tactile Display System with One Millimeter Spatial Resolution and 700 Hz Refresh Rate," Proc. Eurohaptics, 2003.
[16] V.G. Chouvardas, A.N. Miliou, and M.K. Hatalis, "Tactile Displays: Overview and Recent Advances," Displays, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 437-446, 2008.
[17] J. Streque, A. Talbi, P. Pernod, and V. Preobrazhensky, "Electromagnetic Actuation Based on MEMS Technology for Tactile Display," Proc. Eurohaptics Conf., pp. 437-446, 2008.
[18] N. Asamura, N. Tomori, and H. Shinoda, "A Tactile Feeling Display Based on Selective Stimulation to Skin Receptors," Proc. IEEE Virtual Reality Ann. Int'l Symp. (VRAIS '98), pp. 36-42, 1998.
[19] K.O. Johnson, "The Roles and Functions of Cutaneous Mechanoreceptors," Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 455-461, Aug. 2001.
[20] S.J. Biggs and M.A. Srinivasan, "System Requirements—Haptic Interfaces," Handbook of Virtual Environments: Design, Implementation, and Applications, K.M. Stanney, ed., vol. 2, chapter 5, Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc., 2002.
[21] C.R. Wagner, S.J. Lederman, and R.D. Howe, "Design and Performance of a Tactile Shape Display Using RC Servomotors," Haptics-E J., vol. 3, Aug. 2004.
[22] K.S. Hale and K.M. Stanney, "Deriving Haptic Design Guidelines from Human Physiological, Psychophysical, and Neurological Foundations," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 33-39, Mar./Apr. 2004.
[23] O. Ducloux, A. Talbi, L. Gimeno, R. Viard, P. Pernod, V. Preobrazhensky, and A. Merlen, "Self-Oscillation Mode Due to Fluid-Structure Interaction in a Micromechanical Valve," Applied Physics Letter, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 034101-1-034101-3, July 2007.
[24] P. Pernod, V. Preobrazhensky, A. Merlen, O. Ducloux, A. Talbi, L. Gimeno, and N. Tiercelin, "MEMS for Flow Control: Technological Facilities and MMMS Alternatives," Proc. Int'l Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM) Symp. Flow Control and MEMS, J.F. Morrison et al., eds., vol. 7, pp. 15-24, Sept. 2006.
[25] Acoustic Properties of Rubbers, Onda Corporation, , Mar. 2008.
[26] P. Agache and P. Humbert, Measuring the Skin, chapter 1, p. 205. Springer, 2004.
[27] D. Guignoux and J.C. Peuzin, "Phenomenological Approach to Magnetism," Magnetism—Fundamentals, É. du Trémolet de Lacheisserie, ed., vol. 1, chapter 2, Springer, 2005.
28 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool