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Issue No.02 - April-June (2010 vol.3)
pp: 78-87
Linda R. Elliott , Army Research Laboratory and Field Element at U.S. Infantry Center, Fort Benning
Jan B.F. van Erp , TNO Defence, Security, and Safety: Human Factors, Soesterberg
Elizabeth S. Redden , Army Research Laboratory and Field Element at U.S. Infantry Center, Fort Benning
Maaike Duistermaat , TNO Defence, Security, and Safety: Human Factors, Soesterberg
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we present three field-based evaluations of a tactile land navigation system. In Experiment 1, we transition from a laboratory setting to rugged terrain used to train US Army soldier land navigation. Navigation in this challenging terrain requires careful attention to one's surroundings. Participants navigated 3 waypoints along 600 meters through heavily wooded terrain, using 1) map and compass, 2) standard alpha-numeric handheld GPS device, and 3) the tactile GPS system, while also responding to radio requests for information. Experiment 2 used the same challenging terrain during night operations, where participants must also search for live and silhouette targets, using 1) handheld GPS device, 2) head-mounted map-based GPS, and 3) the tactile GPS system. In addition to navigating, participants searched for silhouette and live (human) targets. Experiment 3 had participants navigate with 1) a commercial GPS arrow display, 2) the tactile GPS system, and 3) both together. We conclude that tactile navigation displays can be used in strenuous outdoor environments and can outperform visual displays under conditions of high cognitive and visual workload.
INDEX TERMS
Psychology, social and behavioral sciences, computer applications, design for wearability, user interfaces, information interfaces and representation (HCI), information technology and systems, military, computers in other systems, haptic I/O.
CITATION
Linda R. Elliott, Jan B.F. van Erp, Elizabeth S. Redden, Maaike Duistermaat, "Field-Based Validation of a Tactile Navigation Device", IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol.3, no. 2, pp. 78-87, April-June 2010, doi:10.1109/TOH.2010.3
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