The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.04 - October-December (2009 vol.2)
pp: 181-188
Jeroen H. Hogema , TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg
Sjoerd C. De Vries , TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg
Jan B.F. Van Erp , TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg
Raymond J. Kiefer , General Motors Global Structure and Safety Intregration Center, Warren
ABSTRACT
This in-traffic, field study examined the merit of using a car seat instrumented with tactile stimulation elements (tactors) to communicate directional information to a driver. A car seat fitted with an 8 \times 8 matrix of tactors embedded in the seat pan was used to code eight different directions (the four cardinal and four oblique directions). With this seat mounted in a car, a field study was conducted under both smooth road and brick road vibratory conditions. The primary performance measures were directional accuracy and reaction time, measured under both alerted and simulated surprise conditions. Overall, the results show that the tactile chair seat provides a promising and robust method of providing directional information. The percentage of correct directional responses was very high (92 percent of all trials), and incorrect responses were typically just one location segment (45 degrees) off.
INDEX TERMS
Haptic I/O, human factors, user interfaces.
CITATION
Jeroen H. Hogema, Sjoerd C. De Vries, Jan B.F. Van Erp, Raymond J. Kiefer, "A Tactile Seat for Direction Coding in Car Driving: Field Evaluation", IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol.2, no. 4, pp. 181-188, October-December 2009, doi:10.1109/TOH.2009.35
REFERENCES
[1] J.B.F. Van Erp, E.L. Groen, J.E. Bos, and H.A.H.C. Van Veen, “A Tactile Cockpit Instrument Supports the Control of Self-Motion During Spatial Disorientation,” Human Factors, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 219-228, 2006.
[2] J.B.F. Van Erp and H.A.H.C. Van Veen, “Touch Down: The Effect of Artificial Touch Cues on Orientation in Microgravity,” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 404, pp. 78-82, 2006.
[3] J.B.F. Van Erp, H.A.H.C. Van Veen, C. Jansen, and T. Dobbins, “Waypoint Navigation with a Vibrotactile Waist Belt,” ACM Trans. Applied Perception, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 106-117, 2005.
[4] M.H. Martens and W. Van Winsum, “Effects of Speech versus Tactile Support Messages on Driving Behaviour and Workload,” Proc. 17th Int'l Technical Conf. Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 2001.
[5] M. Enriquez and K.E. MacLean, “Impact of Haptic Warning Signal Reliability in a Time-and-Safety-Critical Task,” Proc. 12th Int'l Symp. Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environments and Teleoperated Systems (HAPTICS '04), pp. 407-414, 2004.
[6] C. Ho, “Multisensory Aspects of the Spatial Cuing of Driver Attention,” PhD thesis, Univ. of Oxford, 2006.
[7] C. Ho, N. Reed, and C. Spence, “Assessing the Effectiveness of ‘Intuitive’ Vibrotactile Warning Signals in Preventing Front-to-Rear-End Collisions in a Driving Simulator,” Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 988-996, 2006.
[8] C. Ho, H.Z. Tan, and C. Spence, “Using Spatial Vibrotactile Cues to Direct Visual Attention in Driving Scenes,” Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 397-412, 2005.
[9] J.J. Scott and R. Gray, “A Comparison of Tactile, Visual, and Auditory Warnings for Rear-End Collision Prevention in Simulated Driving,” Human Factors, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 264-275, 2008.
[10] H.Z. Tan, R. Gray, J.J. Young, and R. Traylor, “A Haptic Back Display for Attentional and Directional Cueing,” Haptics-e, vol. 3, no. 1, 2003.
[11] J.B.F. Van Erp, J.A. Veltman, H.A.H.C. Van Veen, and A.B. Oving, “Tactile Torso Display as Countermeasure to Reduce Night Vision Goggles Induced Drift,” Proc. RTO Meeting Spatial Disorientation in Military Vehicles: Causes, Consequences and Cures, vol. 86, pp. 49-1-49-8, 2003.
[12] J.B.F. Van Erp and H.A.H.C. Van Veen, “Vibrotactile In-Vehicle Navigation System,” Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour, vol. 7, pp. 247-256, 2004.
[13] G.M. Fitch, R.J. Kiefer, J.M. Hankey, and B.M. Kleiner, “Toward Developing an Approach for Alerting Drivers to the Direction of a Crash Threat,” Human Factors, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 710-720, 2007.
[14] J.C. Stevens and K.K. Choo, “Spatial Acuity of the Body Surface over the Life Span,” Somatosensory and Motor Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 153-166, 1996.
[15] J.C. Stevens, L.A. Cruz, L.E. Marks, and S. Lakatos, “A Multimodal Assessment of Sensory Thresholds in Aging,” J.Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 263-272, 1998.
[16] C.L. Van Doren, G.A. Gescheider, and R.T. Verrillo, “Vibrotactile Temporal Gap Detection as a Function of Age,” J. Acoustical Soc. of Am., vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 2201-2206, 1990.
[17] R.T. Verrillo, “The Effects of Aging on the Sense of Touch,” Sensory Research: Multimodal Perspectives, R.T. Verrillo, ed., pp. 285-298, Erlbaum, 1993.
[18] S.C. De Vries, J.B.F. Van Erp, and R.J. Kiefer, “Direction Coding Using a Tactile Chair,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 477-484, 2009.
20 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool