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Visual Analysis and Steering of Flooding Simulations
June 2013 (vol. 19 no. 6)
pp. 1062-1075
H. Ribicic, VRVis Forschungs-GmbH, Vienna, Austria
J. Waser, VRVis Forschungs-GmbH, Vienna, Austria
R. Fuchs, Sci. Visualization Group ETH-Zentrum, Inf. Technol. & Educ., ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
G. Bloschl, Inst. fur Wasserbau und Ingenieurhydrologie, Tech. Univ. Wien, Vienna, Austria
E. Groller, Inst. fur Computergraphik und Algorithmen, Vienna, Austria
We present a visualization tool for the real-time analysis of interactively steered ensemble-simulation runs, and apply it to flooding simulations. Simulations are performed on-the-fly, generating large quantities of data. The user wants to make sense of the data as it is created. The tool facilitates understanding of what happens in all scenarios, where important events occur, and how simulation runs are related. We combine different approaches to achieve this goal. To maintain an overview, data are aggregated and embedded into the simulation rendering, showing trends, outliers, and robustness. For a detailed view, we use information-visualization views and interactive visual analysis techniques. A selection mechanism connects the two approaches. Points of interest are selected by clicking on aggregates, supplying data for visual analysis. This allows the user to maintain an overview of the ensemble and perform analysis even as new data are supplied through simulation steering. Unexpected or unwanted developments are detected easily, and the user can focus the exploration on them. The solution was evaluated with two case studies focusing on placing and testing flood defense measures. Both were evaluated by a consortium of flood simulation and defense experts, who found the system to be both intuitive and relevant.
Index Terms:
Aggregates,Rendering (computer graphics),Data visualization,Buildings,Data models,Analytical models,Computational modeling,simulation steering,Data aggregation,problem solving environment,interactive visual analysis,decision making,uncertainty visualization
H. Ribicic, J. Waser, R. Fuchs, G. Bloschl, E. Groller, "Visual Analysis and Steering of Flooding Simulations," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1062-1075, June 2013, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2012.175
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