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Reflective and Refractive Objects for Mixed Reality
April 2013 (vol. 19 no. 4)
pp. 576-582
M. Knecht, Vienna Univ. of Technol., Vienna, Austria
C. Traxler, VRVis - Zentrum fur Virtual Reality und Visualisierung Forschungs-GmbH, Germany
C. Winklhofer, Vienna Univ. of Technol., Vienna, Austria
M. Wimmer, Vienna Univ. of Technol., Vienna, Austria
In this paper, we present a novel rendering method which integrates reflective or refractive objects into a differential instant radiosity (DIR) framework usable for mixed-reality (MR) applications. This kind of objects are very special from the light interaction point of view, as they reflect and refract incident rays. Therefore they may cause high-frequency lighting effects known as caustics. Using instant-radiosity (IR) methods to approximate these high-frequency lighting effects would require a large amount of virtual point lights (VPLs) and is therefore not desirable due to real-time constraints. Instead, our approach combines differential instant radiosity with three other methods. One method handles more accurate reflections compared to simple cubemaps by using impostors. Another method is able to calculate two refractions in real-time, and the third method uses small quads to create caustic effects. Our proposed method replaces parts in light paths that belong to reflective or refractive objects using these three methods and thus tightly integrates into DIR. In contrast to previous methods which introduce reflective or refractive objects into MR scenarios, our method produces caustics that also emit additional indirect light. The method runs at real-time frame rates, and the results show that reflective and refractive objects with caustics improve the overall impression for MR scenarios.
Index Terms:
Virtual reality,Image color analysis,Rendering (computer graphics),Lighting,Equations,Cameras,Streaming media,caustics.,Mixed reality,reflections,refractions
Citation:
M. Knecht, C. Traxler, C. Winklhofer, M. Wimmer, "Reflective and Refractive Objects for Mixed Reality," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 576-582, April 2013, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2013.39
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