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Co-Located Collaborative Visual Analytics around a Tabletop Display
May 2012 (vol. 18 no. 5)
pp. 689-702
P. Isenberg, INRIA, Univ. Paris-Sud, Orsay, France
D. Fisher, Microsoft Res., Redmond, WA, USA
S. A. Paul, Palo Alto Res. Center, Palo Alto, CA, USA
M. R. Morris, Microsoft Res., Redmond, WA, USA
K. Inkpen, Microsoft Res., Redmond, WA, USA
M. Czerwinski, Microsoft Res., Redmond, WA, USA
Co-located collaboration can be extremely valuable during complex visual analytics tasks. We present an exploratory study of a system designed to support collaborative visual analysis tasks on a digital tabletop display. Fifteen participant pairs employed Cambiera, a visual analytics system, to solve a problem involving 240 digital documents. Our analysis, supported by observations, system logs, questionnaires, and interview data, explores how pairs approached the problem around the table. We contribute a unique, rich understanding of how users worked together around the table and identify eight types of collaboration styles that can be used to identify how closely people work together while problem solving. We show how the closeness of teams' collaboration and communication influenced how they performed on the task overall. We further discuss the role of the tabletop for visual analytics tasks and derive design implications for future co-located collaborative tabletop problem solving systems.

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Index Terms:
problem solving,computer displays,data analysis,data visualisation,groupware,problem solving systems,colocated collaborative visual analytics,complex visual analytics task,digital tabletop display,Cambiera system,observations,system logs,questionnaires,interview data,collaboration style,team collaboration,team communication,Collaboration,Visual analytics,Data visualization,Problem-solving,Collaborative work,Context,Keyboards,complex problem solving.,Co-located collaboration,tabletop displays,collaborative information visualization
Citation:
P. Isenberg, D. Fisher, S. A. Paul, M. R. Morris, K. Inkpen, M. Czerwinski, "Co-Located Collaborative Visual Analytics around a Tabletop Display," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 689-702, May 2012, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2011.287
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