The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.06 - November/December (2010 vol.16)
pp: 1190-1197
Kyle Koh , Seoul National University
Bongshin Lee , Microsoft Research
Bohyoung Kim , Seoul National University
Jinwook Seo , Seoul National University
ABSTRACT
Among the multifarious tag-clouding techniques, Wordle stands out to the community by providing an aesthetic layout, eliciting the emergence of the participatory culture and usage of tag-clouding in the artistic creations. In this paper, we introduce ManiWordle, a Wordle-based visualization tool that revamps interactions with the layout by supporting custom manipulations. ManiWordle allows people to manipulate typography, color, and composition not only for the layout as a whole, but also for the individual words, enabling them to have better control over the layout result. We first describe our design rationale along with the interaction techniques for tweaking the layout. We then present the results both from the preliminary usability study and from the comparative study between ManiWordle and Wordle. The results suggest that ManiWordle provides higher user satisfaction and an efficient method of creating the desired "art work," harnessing the power behind the ever-increasing popularity of Wordle.
INDEX TERMS
Interaction design, direct manipulation, flexibilty-usability tradeoff, tag-cloud, participatory visualization, user study.
CITATION
Kyle Koh, Bongshin Lee, Bohyoung Kim, Jinwook Seo, "ManiWordle: Providing Flexible Control over Wordle", IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol.16, no. 6, pp. 1190-1197, November/December 2010, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2010.175
REFERENCES
[1] Adobe Photoshop. Available: http://www.adobe.com/products/photoshopfamily /
[2] C. Collins, F.B. Viégas, M. Wattenberg, "Parallel Tag Clouds to explore and analyze faceted text corpora," Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on Visual Analytics Science and Technology, pp. 91–98, 2009.
[3] Delicious. Available: http:/delicious.com/
[4] P. Gambette and J. Véronis, "Visualising a text with a tree cloud," Proceedings of 11th IFCSBiennial Conference, pp. 561–570, 2009.
[5] M. J. Halvey and M. T. Keane, "An assessment of tag presentation techniques," Proceedings of the 16th international conference on World Wide Web, pp. 1313–1314, 2007.
[6] M. A. Hearst and D. Rosner, "Tag Clouds: Data Analysis Tool or Social Signaller?," Proceedings of the 41st Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, pp. 160–169, 2008.
[7] Inkscape. Available: http:/www.inkscape.org/
[8] O. Kaser and D. Lemire, Tag-Cloud Drawing: Algorithms for Cloud Visualization, 2007. Available: http://arxiv.org/abs/cs0703109/
[9] M. Kurosu and K. Kashimura, "Apparent usability vs. inherent usability: experimental analysis on the determinants of the apparent usability," Conference companion on Human factors in computing systems, pp. 292–293, 1995.
[10] W. Li dwell, K. Holden, and J. Butler, Universal principles of design, Rockport, 2003.
[11] S. Lohmann, J. Ziegler, and L. Tetzlaff, "Comparison of Tag Cloud Layouts: Task-Related Performance and Visual Exploration," Proceedings of the 12th IFIP TC 13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: PartI, pp. 392–404, 2009.
[12] C. Mehta, Tagline Generator. Available: http://chir.ag/projectstagline/
[13] Microsoft XNA. Available: http:/creators.xna.com/
[14] D. A. Norman, Things that make us smart: defending human attributes in the age of the machine, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1993.
[15] D. A. Norman, The design of everyday things, 1st Basic paperback. ed, Basic Books, 2002.
[16] Z. Pousman, J. T. Stasko, and M. Mateas, "Casual Information Visualization: Depictions of Data in Everyday Life," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 13, pp. 1145-1152, 2007.
[17] A. W. Rivadeneira, D. M. Gruen, M. J. Muller, and D. R. Millen, "Getting our head in the clouds: toward evaluation studies of tagclouds," Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, pp. 995-998, 2007.
[18] J. Schrammel, M. Leitner, and M. Tscheligi, "Semantically structured tag clouds: an empirical evaluation of clustered presentation approaches," Proceedings of the 27th international conference on Human factors in computing systems, pp. 2037–2040, 2009.
[19] T. Skog, S. Ljungblad, and L. E. Holmquist, "Between aesthetics and utility: designing ambient information visualizations," Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization (InfoVis), pp. 233–240, 2003.
[20] TagCrowd. Available: http:/www.tagcrowd.com/
[21] Tag Cloud Generator. Available: http:/www.tagcloudgenerator.com/
[22] F. B. Viégas and M. Wattenberg, "Artistic Data Visualization: Beyond Visual Analytics " Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 4564, pp. 182–191, 2007.
[23] F. B. Viégas, M. Wattenberg, and J. Feinberg, "Participatory Visualization with Wordle," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 15, pp. 1137–1144, 2009.
[24] F. B. Viégas and M. Wattenberg, " Tag clouds and the case for vernacular visualization," interactions, vol. 15, pp. 49–52, 2008
[25] C. Ware, Information visualization : perception for design, 2nd ed, Morgan Kaufman, 2004.
[26] C. Weiwei, W. Yingcai, L. Shixia, W. Furu, M. X. Zhou, and Q. Huamin, "Context preserving dynamic word cloud visualization," Proceedings of the IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium (PacificVis), Taipai, Taiwan, pp. 121–128, 2010.
[27] Wordle - Beautiful Word Clouds. Available: http:/www.wordle.net/
[28] WordPress WP-Cumulus. Available: http://wordpress.org/extend/pluginswp-cumulus /
[29] Yahoo! Flickr. Available: http:/www.flickr.com/
[30] J. S. Yi, Y. A. Kang, J. Stasko, and J. Jacko, "Toward a Deeper Understanding of the Role of Interaction in Information Visualization," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 13, pp. 1224–1231, 2007.
6 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool