The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.03 - May/June (2009 vol.15)
pp: 424-435
Carlos A. Vanegas , Purdue University, West Lafayette
Daniel G. Aliaga , Purdue University, West Lafayette
Bedřich Beneš , Purdue University, West Lafayette
Paul Waddell , University of Washington, Seattle
Urban simulation models and their visualization are used to help regional planning agencies evaluate alternative transportation investments, land use regulations, and environmental protection policies. Typical urban simulations provide spatially distributed data about number of inhabitants, land prices, traffic, and other variables. In this article, we build on a synergy of urban simulation, urban visualization, and computer graphics to automatically infer an urban layout for any time step of the simulation sequence. In addition to standard visualization tools, our method gathers data of the original street network, parcels, and aerial imagery and uses the available simulation results to infer changes to the original urban layout and produce a new and plausible layout for the simulation results. In contrast with previous work, our approach automatically updates the layout based on changes in the simulation data and thus can scale to a large simulation over many years. The method in this article offers a substantial step forward in building integrated visualization and behavioral simulation systems for use in community visioning, planning, and policy analysis. We demonstrate our method on several real cases using a 200 GB database for a 16,300 km2 area surrounding Seattle, Washington.
Picture/Image Generation, Information visualization, Visualization techniques and methodologies
Carlos A. Vanegas, Daniel G. Aliaga, Bedřich Beneš, Paul Waddell, "Visualization of Simulated Urban Spaces: Inferring Parameterized Generation of Streets, Parcels, and Aerial Imagery", IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol.15, no. 3, pp. 424-435, May/June 2009, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2008.193
[1] D. Aliaga, P. Rosen, and D. Bekins, “Style Grammars for Interactive Visualization of Architecture,” IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 786-797, July/Aug. 2007.
[2] D. Aliaga, B. Beneš, C. Vanegas, and N. Andrysco, “Interactive Reconfiguration of Urban Layouts,” IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 38-47, May/June 2008.
[3] S. Alkheder, J. Wang, and J. Shan, “Fuzzy Inference Guided Cellular Automata Urban Growth Modeling Using Multi-Temporal Satellite Images,” Int'l J. Geographical Information Science, 2007.
[4] M. Batty, P. Steadman, and Y. Xie, Visualization in Spatial Modeling. Center for Applied Spatial Analysis, Working Paper 79, Univ. College London, 2004.
[5] M. Batty, “Urban Modeling in Computer-Graphic and Geographic Information System Environments,” Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 663-688, 1992.
[6] M. Batty, “Virtual Geography,” Time and Space Geographics Perspectives on the Future, vol. 29, nos. 4/5, pp. 337-352, 1997.
[7] R. Chang, G. Wessel, R. Kosara, E. Sauda, and W. Ribarsky, “Legible Cities: Focus-Dependent Multi-Resolution Visualization of Urban Relationships,” IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 1169-1175, Nov./Dec. 2007.
[8] G. Chen, G. Esch, P. Wonka, P. Mueller, and E. Zhang, “Interactive Procedural Street Modeling,” ACM Trans. Graphics, vol. 27, no. 3, 2008.
[9] T. de la Barra, “Integrated Land Use and Transport Modeling: The TRANUS Experience,” Planning Support Systems: Integrating Geographic Information Systems, Models and Visualization Tools, R.K. Brail and R.E. Klosterman, eds., pp. 129-156, ESRI Press, 2001.
[10] D. Dorling, A. Barford, and M. Newman, “Worldmapper: The World as You've Never Seen It Before,” IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 757-764, Sept./Oct. 2006.
[11] J. Dykes and C. Brunsdon, “Geographically Weighted Visualization: Interactive Graphics for Scale-Varying Exploratory Analysis,” IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 1161-1168, Nov./Dec. 2007.
[12] C. Frueh and A. Zakhor, “Constructing 3D City Models by Merging Aerial and Ground Views,” IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 52-61, Nov./Dec. 2003.
[13] A. Hertzmann, C. Jacobs, N. Oliver, B. Curless, and D. Salesin, “Image Analogies,” Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH '01, pp. 327-340, 2001.
[14] D.A. Keim, S.C. North, and C. Panse, “CartoDraw: A Fast Algorithm for Generating Contiguous Cartograms,” IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 95-110, Jan./Feb. 2004.
[15] R.E. Klosterman, “The What If? Planning Support System,” Planning Support Systems: Integrating Geographic Information Systems, Models and Visualization Tools, R.K. Brail and R.E. Klosterman, eds., pp. 263-284, ESRI Press, 2001.
[16] J. Landis, “The California Urban Futures Model: A New Generation of Metropolitan Simulation Models,” Environment and Planning B, vol. 21, pp. 399-420, 1994.
[17] K. Leonard, C. Clarke, and J. Gaydos, “Loose-Coupling a Cellular Automaton Model and GIS: Long-Term Urban Growth Prediction for San Francisco and Washington/Baltimore,” Int'l J. Geographical Information Science, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 699-714, 1998.
[18] D. McFadden, “Conditional Logic Analysis of Qualitative Choice Behavior,” Frontiers in Econometrics, P. Zarembka, ed., Academic Press, 1973.
[19] P. Merrell, “Example-Based Model Synthesis,” Proc. ACM Symp. Interactive 3D Graphics and Games (I3D '07), pp. 105-112, 2007.
[20] P. Mueller, P. Wonka, S. Haegler, A. Ulmer, and L.V. Gool, “Procedural Modeling of Buildings,” ACM Trans. Graphics, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 614-623, 2006.
[21] P. Mueller, G. Zeng, P. Wonka, and L.V. Gool, “Image-Based Procedural Modeling of Façades,” ACM Trans. Graphics, vol. 26, no. 3, p. 85, 2007.
[22] C. Panse, M. Sips, D. Keim, and S. North, “Visualization of Geo-Spatial Point Sets via Global Shape Transformation and Local Pixel Placement,” IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 749-756, Sept./Oct. 2006.
[23] Y.I.H. Parish and P. Mueller, “Procedural Modeling of Cities,” Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH '01, pp. 301-308, 2001.
[24] L.D. Pinnel, M. Dockrey, A.J.B. Brush, and A. Borning, “Design of Visualizations for Urban Modeling,” Proc. Joint Eurographics-IEEE TVCG Symp. Visualization (VisSym), 2000.
[25] J. Portugali, Self-Organization and the City. Springer, 2000.
[26] S.H. Putman and C. Shih-Liang, “The METROPILUS Planning Support System: Urban Models and GIS,” Planning Support Systems: Integrating Geographic Information Systems, Models and Visualization Tools, R.K. Brail, R.E. Klosterman, eds., pp. 99-128, ESRI Press, 2001.
[27] P. Prusinkiewicz and A. Lindenmayer, The Algorithmic Beauty of Plants. Springer, 1996.
[28] W. Ribarsky, T. Wasilewski, and N. Faust, “From Urban Terrain Models to Visible Cities,” IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 10-15, July/Aug. 2002.
[29] A. Runions, M. Fuhrer, B. Lane, P. Federl, A.-G. Rollandlagan, and P. Prusinkiewicz, “Modeling and Visualization of Leaf Venation Patterns,” ACM Trans. Graphics, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 702-711, 2005.
[30] Y. Schwartzman and A. Borning, “The Indicator Browser: A Web-Based Interface for Visualizing UrbanSim Simulation Results,” Proc. 40th Hawaii Int'l Conf. System Sciences (HICSS), 2007.
[31] H. Ševčíková, A. Raftery, and P. Waddell, “Assessing Uncertainty in Urban Simulations Using Bayesian Melding,” Transportation Research Part B: Methodology, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 652-659, 2007.
[32] G. Stiny, Pictorial and Formal Aspects of Shape and Shape Grammars. Birkhauser, 1975.
[33] K. Train, Discrete Choice Models with Simulation. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003.
[34] P. Waddell, G. Ulfarsson, J. Franklin, and J. Lobb, “Incorporating Land Use in Metropolitan Transportation Planning,” Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, vol. 41, pp. 382-410, 2007.
[35] B. Watson and P. Mueller, “Urban Design and Procedural Modeling,” ACM SIGGRAPH Course #14 Notes, 2007.
[36] P. Wonka, M. Wimmer, F. Sillion, and W. Ribarsky, “Instant Architecture,” ACM Trans. Graphics, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 669-677, 2003.
18 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool