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A Model and Framework for Visualization Exploration
March/April 2007 (vol. 13 no. 2)
pp. 357-369
Michael Gertz, IEEE Computer Society

Abstract—Visualization exploration is the process of extracting insight from data via interaction with visual depictions of that data. Visualization exploration is more than presentation; the interaction with both the data and its depiction is as important as the data and depiction itself. Significant visualization research has focused on the generation of visualizations (the depiction); less effort has focused on the exploratory aspects of visualization (the process). However, without formal models of the process, visualization exploration sessions cannot be fully utilized to assist users and system designers. Toward this end, we introduce the P-Set Model of Visualization Exploration for describing this process and a framework to encapsulate, share, and analyze visual explorations. In addition, systems utilizing the model and framework are more efficient as redundant exploration is avoided. Several examples drawn from visualization applications demonstrate these benefits. Taken together, the model and framework provide an effective means to exploit the information within the visual exploration process.

Index Terms:
Visualization exploration process, visualization, visualization systems, history, derivation, collaboration, XML, software framework, science of visualization.
Citation:
T.J. Jankun-Kelly, Kwan-Liu Ma, Michael Gertz, "A Model and Framework for Visualization Exploration," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 357-369, March-April 2007, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2007.28
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