This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
Electrostatic Tactile Display with Thin Film Slider and Its Application to Tactile Telepresentation Systems
March/April 2006 (vol. 12 no. 2)
pp. 168-177

Abstract—A new electrostatic tactile display is proposed to realize compact tactile display devices that can be incorporated with virtual reality systems. The tactile display of this study consists of a thin conductive film slider with stator electrodes that excite electrostatic forces. Users of the device experience tactile texture sensations by moving the slider with their fingers. The display operates by applying two-phase cyclic voltage patterns to the electrodes. The display is incorporated into a tactile telepresentation system to realize explorations of remote surface textures with real-time tactile feedback. In the system, a PVDF tactile sensor and a DSP controller automatically generate voltage patterns to present surface texture sensations through the tactile display. A sensor, in synchronization with finger motion on the tactile display, scans a texture sample and outputs information about the sample surface. The information is processed by a DSP and fed back to the tactile display in real time. The tactile telepresentation system was evaluated in texture discrimination tests and demonstrated a 79 percent correct answer ratio. A transparent electrostatic tactile display is also reported in which the tactile display is combined with an LCD to realize a visual-tactile integrated display system.

[1] R.W. Lindeman and Y. Yanagida, “Empirical Studies for Effective Near-Field Haptics in Virtual Environments,” Proc. IEEE Virtual Reality Conf. 2003, pp. 287-288, 2003.
[2] R. Howe, W. Peine, D. Kantarinis, and J. Son, “Remote Palpation Technology,” IEEE Eng. in Medicine and Biology Magazine, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 318-323, 1995.
[3] Y. Ikei and S. Fukuda, “Tactile Display for a Surface Texture Sensation,” Proc. 1997 ASME Design Eng. Technical Conf. (DETC '97), pp. 1-8, 1997.
[4] K. Amemiya and Y. Tanaka, “Portable Tactile Feedback Interface Using Air Jet,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Artificial Reality and Telexistance (ICAT '99), pp. 115-122, 1999.
[5] N. Asamura, N. Yokoyama, and H. Shnoda, “Selectively Stimulating Skin Receptors for Tactile Display,” IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 32-37, Nov.-Dec. 1998.
[6] T. Nara, M. Takasaki, T. Maeda, T. Higuchi, S. Ando, and S. Tachi, “Surface Acoustic Wave Tactile Display,” IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 56-63, Nov.-Dec. 2001.
[7] L.L. Menia and L.V. Doren, “Independence of Pitch and Loudness of an Electrocutaneous Stimulus for Sensory Feedback,” IEEE Trans. Rehabilitation Eng., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 197-206, 1994.
[8] H. Kajimoto, N. Kawakami, T. Maeda, and S. Tachi, “Tactile Feeling Display Using Functional Electrical Stimulation,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Artificial Reality and Telexistance (ICAT '99), pp. 107-114, 1999.
[9] H. Kajimoto, M. Inami, N. Kawakami, and S. Tachi, “SmartTouch: Augmentation of Skin Sensation with Electrocutaneous Display,” Proc. 11th Symp. Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems (Haptic Symp. 2003), pp. 40-46, 2003.
[10] E. Mallinckrodt, A.L. Hughes, and J.W. Sleator, “Perception by the Skin of Electrically Induced Vibrations,” Science, vol. 118, pp. 277-278, Sept. 1953.
[11] R.M. Strong and D.E. Troxel, “An Electrotactile Display,” IEEE Trans. Man-Machine Systems, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 72-79, 1970.
[12] H. Tang and D.J. Beebe, “A Microfabricated Electrostatic Haptic Display for Persons with Visual Impairments,” IEEE Trans. Rehabilitation Eng., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 241-248, 1998.
[13] A. Yamamoto, T. Ishii, and T. Higuchi, “Electrostatic Tactile Display for Presenting Surface Roughness Sensation,” Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Industrial Technology, pp. 680-684, 2003.
[14] A. Yamamoto, S. Nagasawa, H. Yamamoto, and T. Higuchi, “Electrostatic Tactile Display with Thin Film Slider and Its Application to Tactile Tele-Presentation Systems,” Proc. ACM Symp. Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST 2004), pp. 209-216, 2004.
[15] A. Yamamoto, T. Niino, and T. Higuchi, “Servo Control of High-Power Electrostatic Linear Motor,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Mechatronic Technologies (ICMT '99), pp. 274-279, 1999.
[16] R.R. Reston and J.E. S. Kolesar, “Robotic Tactile Sensor Array Fabricated from a Piezoelectric Polyvinylidene Fluoride Film,” Proc. IEEE 1990 Nat'l Aerospace and Electronics Conf. (NAECON 1990), pp. 1139-1144, May 1990.
[17] J. Dargahi, “A Piezoelectric Tactile Sensor with Three Sensing Elements for Robotic, Endoscopic and Prosthetic Applications,” Sensors and Actuators, vol. 80, pp. 23-30, 2000.
[18] H. Iwata, H. Yano, F. Nakaizumi, and R. Kawamura, “Project FEELEX: Adding Haptic Surface to Graphics,” Proc. 28th Ann. Conf. Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques, pp. 469-476, 2001.
[19] M. Inami, N. Kawakami, D. Sekiguchi, Y. Yanagida, T. Maeda, and S. Tachi, “Visuo-Haptic Display Using Head-Mounted Projector,” Proc. IEEE Virtual Reality Conf. 2000, pp. 233-240, 2000.
[20] Y. Yokokohji, R.L. Hollis, and T. Kanade, “WYSIWYF Display: A Visual/Haptic Interface to Virtual Environment,” Presence, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 412-434, 1999.
[21] I. Poupyrev, S. Maruyama, and J. Rekimoto, “TouchEngine: A Tactile Display for Handheld Devices,” Proc. CHI 2002 Extended Abstracts, pp. 644-645, 2002.
[22] M. Hirose, K. Hirota, K. Ogi, H. Yano, N. Kakehi, M. Saito, and M. Nakashige, “HapticGEAR: The Development of a Wearable Force Display System for Immersive Projection Displays,” Proc. IEEE Virtual Reality Conf. 2001, pp. 123-129, 2001.

Index Terms:
Artificial, augmented, and virtual realities, Haptic I/O.
Citation:
Akio Yamamoto, Shuichi Nagasawa, Hiroaki Yamamoto, Toshiro Higuchi, "Electrostatic Tactile Display with Thin Film Slider and Its Application to Tactile Telepresentation Systems," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 168-177, March-April 2006, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2006.28
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.