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Issue No.04 - July/August (2005 vol.11)
pp: 469-479
Gerik Scheuermann , IEEE Computer Society
ABSTRACT
Image processing and computer vision have robust methods for feature extraction and the computation of derivatives of scalar fields. Furthermore, interpolation and the effects of applying a filter can be analyzed in detail and can be advantages when applying these methods to vector fields to obtain a solid theoretical basis for feature extraction. We recently introduced the Clifford convolution, which is an extension of the classical convolution on scalar fields and provides a unified notation for the convolution of scalar and vector fields. It has attractive geometric properties that allow pattern matching on vector fields. In image processing, the convolution and the Fourier transform operators are closely related by the convolution theorem and, in this paper, we extend the Fourier transform to include general elements of Clifford Algebra, called multivectors, including scalars and vectors. The resulting convolution and derivative theorems are extensions of those for convolution and the Fourier transform on scalar fields. The Clifford Fourier transform allows a frequency analysis of vector fields and the behavior of vector-valued filters. In frequency space, vectors are transformed into general multivectors of the Clifford Algebra. Many basic vector-valued patterns, such as source, sink, saddle points, and potential vortices, can be described by a few multivectors in frequency space.
INDEX TERMS
Index Terms- Flow visualization, vector fields, Fourier transform, convolution, Clifford algebra.
CITATION
Julia Ebling, Gerik Scheuermann, "Clifford Fourier Transform on Vector Fields", IEEE Transactions on Visualization & Computer Graphics, vol.11, no. 4, pp. 469-479, July/August 2005, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2005.54
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