
This Article  
 
Share  
Bibliographic References  
Add to:  
Digg Furl Spurl Blink Simpy Del.icio.us Y!MyWeb  
Search  
 
ASCII Text  x  
Aaron E. Lefohn, Joe M. Kniss, Charles D. Hansen, Ross T. Whitaker, "A Streaming NarrowBand Algorithm: Interactive Computation and Visualization of Level Sets," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 422433, July/August, 2004.  
BibTex  x  
@article{ 10.1109/TVCG.2004.2, author = {Aaron E. Lefohn and Joe M. Kniss and Charles D. Hansen and Ross T. Whitaker}, title = {A Streaming NarrowBand Algorithm: Interactive Computation and Visualization of Level Sets}, journal ={IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics}, volume = {10}, number = {4}, issn = {10772626}, year = {2004}, pages = {422433}, doi = {http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TVCG.2004.2}, publisher = {IEEE Computer Society}, address = {Los Alamitos, CA, USA}, }  
RefWorks Procite/RefMan/Endnote  x  
TY  JOUR JO  IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics TI  A Streaming NarrowBand Algorithm: Interactive Computation and Visualization of Level Sets IS  4 SN  10772626 SP422 EP433 EPD  422433 A1  Aaron E. Lefohn, A1  Joe M. Kniss, A1  Charles D. Hansen, A1  Ross T. Whitaker, PY  2004 KW  Deformable models KW  image segmentation KW  volume visualization KW  GPU KW  level sets KW  streaming computation KW  virtual memory. VL  10 JA  IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics ER   
Abstract—Deformable isosurfaces, implemented with levelset methods, have demonstrated a great potential in visualization and computer graphics for applications such as segmentation, surface processing, and physicallybased modeling. Their usefulness has been limited, however, by their high computational cost and reliance on significant parameter tuning. This paper presents a solution to these challenges by describing graphics processor (GPU) based algorithms for solving and visualizing levelset solutions at interactive rates. The proposed solution is based on a new, streaming implementation of the narrowband algorithm. The new algorithm packs the levelset isosurface data into 2D texture memory via a multidimensional virtual memory system. As the level set moves, this texturebased representation is dynamically updated via a novel GPUtoCPU message passing scheme. By integrating the levelset solver with a realtime volume renderer, a user can visualize and intuitively steer the levelset surface as it evolves. We demonstrate the capabilities of this technology for interactive volume segmentation and visualization.
[1] S. Osher and J. Sethian, Fronts Propagating with CurvatureDependent Speed: Algorithms Based on HamiltonJacobi Formulations J. Computational Physics, vol. 79, pp. 1249, 1988.
[2] R. Fedkiw and S. Osher, Level Set Methods and Dynamic Implicit Surfaces. Springer, 2002.
[3] J.A. Sethian, Level Set Methods and Fast Marching Methods Evolving Interfaces in Computational Geometry, Fluid Mechanics, Computer Vision, and Materials Science. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999.
[4] R.T. Whitaker, Volumetric Deformable Models: Active Blobs Proc. Visualization in Biomedical Computing 1994, R.A. Robb, ed., pp. 122134, 1994.
[5] T. Tasdizen, R. Whitaker, P. Burchard, and S. Osher, Geometric Surface Smoothing via Anisotropic Diffusion of Normals Proc. IEEE Visualization, pp. 125132, Oct. 2002.
[6] R. Whitaker, A LevelSet Approach to 3D Reconstruction from Range Data Int'l J. Computer Vision, pp. 203231, Oct. 1998
[7] T.S. Yoo, U. Neuman, H. Fuchs, S.M. Pizer, T. Cullip, J. Rhoades, and R. Whitaker, "Direct Visualization of Volume Data," IEEE Comput. Graphics Applic., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 6371, July 1992.
[8] M. Droske, B. Meyer, M. Rumpf, and C. Schaller, An Adaptive Level Set Method for Medical Image Segmentation Proc. Ann. Symp. Information Processing in Medical Imaging, R. Leahy and M. Insana, eds. 2001.
[9] D. Adalsteinson and J.A. Sethian, A Fast Level Set Method for Propogating Interfaces J. Computational Physics, pp. 269277, 1995.
[10] D. Peng, B. Merriman, S. Osher, H. Zhao, and M. Kang, A PDE Based Fast Local Level Set Method J. Computational Physics, vol. 155, pp. 410438, 1999.
[11] J. Owens, Computer Graphics on a Stream Architecture PhD thesis, Stanford Univ., Nov. 2002.
[12] N. Goodnight, C. Woolley, G. Lewin, D. Luebke, and G. Humphreys, A Multigrid Solver for Boundary Value Problems Using Programmable Graphics Hardware Proc. Graphics Hardware 2003, pp. 102111, July 2003.
[13] E.S. Larsen and D. McAllister, Fast Matrix Multiplies Using Graphics Hardware Proc. Super Computing 2001, Nov. 2001.
[14] R. Strzodka and M. Rumpf, Using Graphics Cards for Quantized FEM Computations Proc. VIIP Conf. Visualization and Image Processing, 2001.
[15] M. Rumpf and R. Strzodka, Level Set Segmentation in Graphics Hardware Proc. Int'l Conf. Image Processing, pp. 11031106, 2001.
[16] A.E. Lefohn and R.T. Whitaker, A GPUBased, ThreeDimensional Level Set Solver with Curvature Flow Tech Report UUCS02017, Univ. of Utah, Dec. 2002.
[17] J. Bolz, I. Farmer, E. Grinspun, and P. Schröder, Sparse Matrix Solvers on the GPU: Conjugate Gradients and Multigrid ACM Trans. Graphics, vol. 22, pp. 917924, July 2003.
[18] J. Krüger and R. Westermann, Linear Algebra Operators for GPU Implementation of Numerical Algorithms ACM Trans. Graphics, vol. 22, pp. 908916, July 2003.
[19] A.C. Beers, M. Agrawala, and N. Chaddha, Rendering from Compressed Textures Proc. SIGGRAPH '96, Computer Graphics Proc., Ann. Conf. Series, pp. 373378, Aug. 1996.
[20] M. Kraus and T. Ertl, Adaptive Texture Maps Proc. Graphics Hardware 2002, pp. 716, Sept. 2002.
[21] A. Sherbondy, M. Houston, and S. Nepal, Fast Volume Segmentation with Simultaneous Visualization Using Programmable Graphics Hardware Proc. IEEE Visualization, pp. 171176, Oct. 2003.
[22] R.A. Drebin, L. Carpenter, and P. Hanrahan, Volume Rendering Computer Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH '88), vol. 22, pp. 6574, Aug. 1988.
[23] M. Levoy, “Display of Surfaces from Volume Data,” IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 2937, 1988.
[24] P. Sabella, A Rendering Algorithm for Visualizing 3D Scalar Fields Computer Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH '88), vol. 22, pp. 5158, Aug. 1988.
[25] B. Cabral, N. Cam, and J. Foran, Accelerated Volume Rendering and Tomographic Reconstruction Using Texture Mapping Hardware Proc. ACM Symp. Volume Visualization, pp. 9198, Oct. 1994.
[26] O. Wilson, A.V. Gelder, and J. Wilhelms, Direct Volume Rendering via 3D Textures Technical Report UCSCCRL9419, Univ. of California at Santa Cruz, June 1994.
[27] K. Engel, M. Kraus, and T. Ertl, HighQuality PreIntegrated Volume Rendering Using HardwareAccelerated Pixel Shading Proc. Graphics Hardware 2001, 2001.
[28] J.M. Kniss, G.L. Kindlmann, and C. Hansen, Multidimensional Transfer Functions for Interactive Volume Rendering IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 270285, JulySept. 2002.
[29] T.J. Purcell, I. Buck, W.R. Mark, and P. Hanrahan, Ray Tracing on Programmable Graphics Hardware ACM Trans. Graphics, vol. 21, pp. 703712, July 2002.
[30] A. Silberschatz and P. Galvin, Operating System Concepts. AddisonWesley, 1998.
[31] U. Kapasi, W. Dally, S. Rixner, P. Mattson, J. Owens, and B. Khailany, Efficient Conditional Operations for DataParallel Architectures Proc. 33rd Ann. Int'l Symp. Microarchitecture, pp. 159170, 2000.
[32] A. Lefohn, J.M. Kniss, C. Hansen, and R. Whitaker, Interactive Deformation and Visualization of Level Set Surfaces Using Graphics Hardware Proc. IEEE Visualization, pp. 7582, 2003.
[33] A.E. Lefohn, J. Kniss, C. Hansen, and R. Whitaker, A Streaming NarrowBand Algorithm: Supplemental Information http://computer.org/tvcgarchives.htm, 2004.
[34] R. Fedkiw, T. Aslam, B. Merriman, and S. Osher, A NonOscillatory Eulerian Approach to Interfaces in Multimaterial Flows (the Ghost Fluid Method) J. Computational Physics, vol. 152, pp. 457492, 1999.
[35] J. Kniss, S. Premoze, C. Hansen, P. Shirley, and A. McPherson, A Model for Volume Lighting and Modeling IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 150162, Apr.June 2003.
[36] The Insight Toolkit http:/www.itk.org, 2003.
[37] R. Malladi, J. Sethian, and B.C. Vemuri, "Shape Modeling with Front Propagation: A Level Set Approach," IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 17, pp. 158175, 1995.
[38] A.E. Lefohn, J. Cates, and R. Whitaker, Interactive, GPUBased Level Sets for 3D Brain Tumor Segmentation Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, pp. 564572, 2003.
[39] J. Kniss, S. Premoze, M. Ikits, A.E. Lefohn, and C. Hansen, Gaussian Transfer Functions for MultiField Volume Visualization Proc. IEEE Visualization, pp. 497504, Oct. 2003.
[40] J. Percy and R. Mace, OpenGL Extensions: Siggraph 2003 http://mirror.ati.com/developertechpapers.html , 2003.
[41] R. Whitaker and X. Xue, VariableConductance, LevelSet Curvature for Image Denoising Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Image Processing, pp. 142145, Oct. 2001.