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Color Nonuniformity in Projection-Based Displays: Analysis and Solutions
March/April 2004 (vol. 10 no. 2)
pp. 177-188

Abstract—Large-area displays made up of several projectors show significant variation in color. In this paper, we identify different projector parameters that cause the color variation and study their effects on the luminance and chrominance characteristics of the display. This work leads to the realization that luminance varies significantly within and across projectors, while chrominance variation is relatively small, especially across projectors of same model. To address this situation, we present a method to achieve luminance matching across all pixels of a multiprojector display that results in photometrically uniform displays. We use a camera as a measurement device for this purpose. Our method comprises a one-time calibration step that generates a per channel per projector luminance attenuation map (LAM), which is then used to correct any image projected on the display at interactive rates on commodity graphics hardware. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first effort to match luminance across all the pixels of a multiprojector display.

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Index Terms:
Projection-based displays, tiled displays, color calibration.
Aditi Majumder, Rick Stevens, "Color Nonuniformity in Projection-Based Displays: Analysis and Solutions," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 177-188, March-April 2004, doi:10.1109/TVCG.2004.1260769
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