The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.10 - Oct. (2012 vol.23)
pp: 1895-1907
Fung Po Tso , University of Glasgow, UK
Jin Teng , The Ohio State University, Columbus
Weijia Jia , City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Dong Xuan , The Ohio State University, Columbus
ABSTRACT
This paper presents an empirical study on the performance of mobile High Speed Packet Access (a 3.5G cellular standard usually abbreviated as HSPA) networks in Hong Kong via extensive field tests. Our study, from the viewpoint of end users, covers virtually all possible mobile scenarios in urban areas, including subways, trains, off-shore ferries, and city buses. We have confirmed that mobility has largely negative impacts on the performance of HSPA networks, as fast-changing wireless environment causes serious service deterioration or even interruption. Meanwhile, our field experiment results have shown unexpected new findings and thereby exposed new features of the mobile HSPA networks, which contradict commonly held views. We surprisingly find out that mobility can improve fairness of bandwidth sharing among users and traffic flows. Also, the triggering and final results of handoffs in mobile HSPA networks are unpredictable and often inappropriate, thus calling for fast reacting fallover mechanisms. Moreover, we find that throughput performance does not monotonically decrease with increased mobility level. We have conducted in-depth research to furnish detailed analysis and explanations to what we have observed. We conclude that mobility is a double-edged sword for HSPA networks. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first public report on a large-scale empirical study on the performance of commercial mobile HSPA networks.
INDEX TERMS
Mobile communication, Multiaccess communication, Throughput, Spread spectrum communication, Bandwidth, Mobile computing, Sea measurements, bandwidth sharing, Mobile HSPA networks, performance evaluation
CITATION
Fung Po Tso, Jin Teng, Weijia Jia, Dong Xuan, "Mobility: A Double-Edged Sword for HSPA Networks: A Large-Scale Test on Hong Kong Mobile HSPA Networks", IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol.23, no. 10, pp. 1895-1907, Oct. 2012, doi:10.1109/TPDS.2011.289
REFERENCES
[1] http://www.gov.hk/en/about/abouthk/factsheets/ docs telecommunications.pdf, 2012.
[2] http://www.gsmworld.com/technologyhspa.htm , 2012.
[3] HSPA technical update, http://www.wraycastleusa.comnews. php?id=10 , Sept. 2008.
[4] K. Aho, J. Aijanen, and T. Ristaniemi, "Impact of Mobility to the VoIP over HSUPA System Level Performance," Proc. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf., pp. 2091-2095, May 2008.
[5] A. Arjona, J. Kerttula, and A. Yla-Jaaski, "Live Network Performance Challenge: FLASH-OFDM vs. HSDPA," Proc. Int'l Conf. Advanced Information Networking and Applications Aina, pp. 918-925, Mar. 2008.
[6] A. Arjona, C. Westphal, A. Yla-Jaaski, and M. Kristensson, "Towards High Quality VoIP in 3G Networks - An Empirical Study," Proc. Fourth Advanced Int'l Conf. Telecomm., pp. 143-150, June 2008.
[7] K. Banitsas, S. Tachakra, E. Stefanidis, and K. Boletis, "Using HSPA to Improve the Telemedical Links on a Moving Ambulance," Proc. Int'l Conf. IEEE Eng. Medicine Biology Soc., pp. 739-742, Aug. 2008.
[8] J.M. Cano-Garcia, E. Gonzalez-Parada, and E. Casilari, "Experimental Analysis and Characterization of Packet Delay in UMTS Networks," Proc. Int'l Conf. Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networking, pp. 396-407, 2006.
[9] E. Dahlman, S. Parkvall, J. Skold, and P. Beming, 3G Evolution HSPA and LTE for Mobile Broadband. Academic Press, 2007.
[10] J. Derksen, R. Jansen, M. Maijala, and E. Westerberg, "HSDPA Performance and Evolution," Ericsson Rev., vol. 3, pp. 117-120, 2006.
[11] F. Fitzek, A. Kopsel, A. Wolisz, M. Krishnam, and M. Reisslein, "Providing Application-Level QoS in 3G/4G Wireless Systems: A Comprehensive Framework Based on Multirate CDMA," IEEE Wireless Comm., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 42-47, Apr. 2002.
[12] H. Holma and A. Toskala, HSDPA/HSUPA for UMTS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
[13] J. Holtzman, "Cdma Forward Link Waterfilling Power Control," Proc. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf., vol. 3, pp. 1663-1667, Sept. 2000.
[14] J. Holtzman, "Asymptotic Analysis of Proportional Fair Algorithm," Proc. IEEE Int'l Symp. Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Comm., vol. 2, pp. F-33-F-37, Sept./Oct. 2001.
[15] N. Kara and V. Planat, "Performance Analysis of IP Multimedia Services over HSDPA Mobile Networks," Proc. Int'l Conf. IP Multimedia Subsystem Architecture and Applications, pp. 1-5, Dec. 2007.
[16] R. Litjens, "HSDPA Flow Level Performance and the Impact of Terminal Mobility," Proc. IEEE Wireless Comm. and Networking Conf., vol. 3, pp. 1657-1663, Mar. 2005.
[17] X. Liu, A. Sridharan, S. Machiraju, M. Seshadri, and H. Zang, "Experiences in a 3G Network: Interplay between the Wireless Channel and Applications," Proc. MobiCOM, pp. 211-222, 2008.
[18] Livecast, http://www.livecast.com/corporateindex.html , 2012.
[19] M. López-Benítez, F. Bernardo, N. Vucevic, and A. Umbert, "Real-Time HSPA Emulator for End-to-Edge QoS Evaluation in All-ip Beyond 3G Heterogeneous Wireless Networks," Proc. Int'l Conf. Simulation Tools and Techniques for Comm., Networks and Systems and Workshops (SimuTools), p. 8, 2008.
[20] P. Lunden, J. Aijanen, K. Aho, and T. Ristaniemi, "Performance of VoIP over HSDPA in Mobility Scenarios," Proc. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf., pp. 2046-2050, May 2008.
[21] M. Malkowski, A. Kemper, and X. Wang, "Performance of Scheduling Algorithms for HSDPA," Proc. Second Int'l Conf. Comm. and Networking in China, pp. 1052-1056, Aug. 2007.
[22] K. Pentikousis, M. Palola, M. Jurvansuu, and P. Perala, "Active Goodput Measurements from a Public 3G/UMTS Network," IEEE Comm. Letters, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 802-804, Sept. 2005.
[23] H. Ruser, P. Halvorsen, C. Griwodz, and B. Hestnes, "Performance Measurements and Evaluation of Video Streaming in HSDPA Networks with 16QAM Modulation," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Multimedia and Expo, pp. 489-492, Apr. 2008.
[24] W.L. Tan, F. Lam, and W.C. Lau, "An Empirical Study on the Capacity and Performance of 3G Networks," IEEE Trans. Mobile Computing, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 737-750, June 2008.
[25] Veodia, http://veedia.comindex.php., 2012.
[26] V. Vukadinovic and G. Karlsson, "Video Streaming in 3.5G: On Throughput-Delay Performance of Proportional Fair Scheduling," Proc. IEEE Int'l Symp. Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation of Computer and Telecomm. Systems, pp. 393-400, Sept. 2006.
[27] X. Yan, J. Khan, and B. Jones, "Impact of a Radio Access Network Capacity on the HSDPA Link Performance," Proc. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf., pp. 220-224, Oct. 2007.
[28] J. Yao, S.S. Kanhere, and M. Hassan, "An Empirical Study of Bandwidth Predictability in Mobile Computing," Proc. Third ACM Int'l Workshop Wireless Network Testbeds, Experimental Evaluation and Characterization (WINTECH), pp. 11-18, 2008.
[29] YouTube, http:/www.youtube.com, 2012.
53 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool