New Theory for Deadlock-Free Multicast Routing in Wormhole-Switched Virtual-Channelless Networks-on-Chip
Issue No.04 - April (2011 vol.22)
Faizal Arya Samman , Techniche Universität Darmstadt, Fraunhofer Institut LBF, LOEWE-Zentrum AdRIA, Darmstadt and Hasanuddin University at Makassar, Indonesia
Thomas Hollstein , Tallin University of Technology, Estonia
Manfred Glesner , Techniche Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TPDS.2010.120
A new theory for deadlock-free multicast routing especially used for on-chip interconnection network (NoC) is presented in this paper. The NoC router hardware solution that enables the deadlock-free multicast routing without utilizing virtual channels is introduced formally. The special characteristic of the NoC is that, wormhole packets can cut-through at flit-level and can be interleaved in the same channel with other flits of different packets by multiplexing it using a rotating flit-by-flit arbitration. The routing paths of each flit can be guaranteed correct because flits belonging to the same packet are labeled with the same local Id-tag on every communication channel. Hence, multicast deadlock problem can be solved at each router by further applying a hold-release tagging mechanism to control and manage conflicting multicast requests.
Network-on-chip, tree-based and multipath-based multicast routing, Id-tag-based wormhole packet switching, runtime adaptive routing and scheduling.
Faizal Arya Samman, Thomas Hollstein, Manfred Glesner, "New Theory for Deadlock-Free Multicast Routing in Wormhole-Switched Virtual-Channelless Networks-on-Chip", IEEE Transactions on Parallel & Distributed Systems, vol.22, no. 4, pp. 544-557, April 2011, doi:10.1109/TPDS.2010.120