The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.10 - Oct. (2013 vol.62)
pp: 1972-1987
Zhiyang Guo , Stony Brook University, Stony Brook
Yuanyuan Yang , Stony Brook University, Stony Brook
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we study multicast scheduling in the OpCut switch, a recently proposed hybrid optical/electronic switching architecture for transmitting high-volume traffic in core networks and parallel computers. First, we present a multicast scheduling algorithm called Guaranteed Latency Multicast Scheduling (GLMS) that considers the schedule of each packet for multiple time slots. We show that GLMS has several desirable features, such as guaranteed latency for all transmitted packets and adaptivity to transmission requirements. To relax the time constraint on computing a schedule, we further propose a parallel and pipeline processing architecture for GLMS that distributes the scheduling task to multiple pipelined processing stages, with $(N)$ processors in each stage, where $(N)$ is the switch size. Finally, by implementing it with simple combination logic circuits, we show that each processor can finish the scheduling for one time slot in $(O(1))$ time complexity. We evaluate the performance of GLMS extensively against statistical traffic models and real Internet traffic, and the results show that the proposed GLMS algorithm can achieve very low average packet latency with minimum packet drop ratio.
INDEX TERMS
Optical switches, Scheduling, Optical buffering, Vectors, Optical packet switching, Receivers, Processor scheduling, hardware implementation, Optical packet switching, optical interconnects, multicast scheduling, hybrid optical/electronic switch, latency guarantee, parallel, pipeline
CITATION
Zhiyang Guo, Yuanyuan Yang, "High-Speed Multicast Scheduling in Hybrid Optical Packet Switches with Guaranteed Latency", IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol.62, no. 10, pp. 1972-1987, Oct. 2013, doi:10.1109/TC.2012.125
REFERENCES
[1] Z. Guo et al, "Improving Resource Utilization in Hybrid Packet/Circuit Multicasting for IPTV Delivery," Proc. Conf. Optical Fiber Comm./Nat'l Fiber Optics Eng. Conf. (OFC '08), 2008.
[2] J. Choi, M. Yoo, and B. Mukherjee, "Efficient Video-On-Demand Streaming for Broadband Access Networks," IEEE/OSA J. Optical Comm. and Networking, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 38-50, Jan. 2010.
[3] Y. Yang and G.M. Masson, "Nonblocking Broadcast Switching Networks," IEEE Trans. Computers, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 1005-1015, Sept 1991.
[4] Y. Yang and J. Wang, "A New Self-Routing Multicast Network," IEEE Trans. Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1299-1316, Dec. 1999.
[5] Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, "Nonblocking WDM Multicast Switching Networks," IEEE Trans. Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1274-1287, Dec. 2000.
[6] B. Prabhakar, N. McKeown, and R. Ahuja, "Multicast Scheduling for Input-Queued Switches," IEEE J. Selected Areas in Comm., vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 855-866, June 1997.
[7] D. Pan and Y. Yang, "FIFO-Based Multicast Scheduling Algorithm for Virtual Output Queued Packet Switches," IEEE Trans. Computers, vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 1283-1297, Oct. 2005.
[8] H. Kim and K. Kim, "Performance Analysis of the Multiple Input-Queued Packet Switch with the Restricted Rule," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 478-487, June 2003.
[9] N. McKeown, "Fast Switched Backplane for a Gigabit Switched Router," Business Comm. Rev., vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 1-17, 1997.
[10] M. Andrews, S. Khanna, and K. Kumaran, "Integrated Scheduling of Unicast and Multicast Traffic in an Input-Queued Switch," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM '99, pp. 1144-1151, Mar. 1999.
[11] W. Zhu and M. Song, "Performance Analysis of Large Multicast Packet Switches with Multiple Input Queues and Gathered Traffic," Computer Comm., vol. 33, pp. 803-815, May 2010.
[12] L. Mhamdi, "On the Integration of Unicast and Multicast Cell Scheduling in Buffered Crossbar Switches," IEEE Trans. Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 818-830, June 2009.
[13] W.T. Chen, C.F. Huang, Y.L. Chang, and W.Y. Hwang, "An Efficient Cell-Scheduling Algorithm for Multicast Atm Switching Systems," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 517-525, Aug. 2000.
[14] K.J. Schultz and P.G. Gulak, "Multicast Contention Resolution with Single-Cycle Windowing Using Content Addressable FIFO's," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 731-742, Oct. 1996.
[15] H. Yang and S.J.B. Yoo, "All-Optical Variable Buffering Strategies and Switch Fabric Architectures for Future All-Optical Data Routers," J. Lightwave Technology, vol. 23, pp. 3321-3330, Oct. 2005.
[16] Q. Huang and W.D. Zhong, "An Optical Wavelength-Routed Multicast Packet Switch Based on Multitimeslot Multiwavelength Conversion," IEEE Photonic Technology Letter, vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1518-1520, Sept. 2008.
[17] Q. Huang and W.D. Zhong, "Multiwavelength Multicast Packet Switch: Performance Analysis and Evaluation," IEEE/OSA J. Optical Comm. and Networking, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 678-688, Sept. 2010.
[18] H. Harai and M. Murata, "High-Speed Buffer Management for 40 Gb/s-Based Photonic Packet Switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 191-204, Feb. 2006.
[19] M.A. Marsan, A. Bianco, P. Giaccone, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, "Multicast Traffic in Input-Queued Switches: Optimal Scheduling and Maximum Throughput," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 465-477, June 2003.
[20] H. Furukawa, H. Harai, and M. Ohta, "Implementation of High-Speed Buffer Management for Asynchronous Variable-Length Optical Packet Switch," Proc. Conf. Optical Fiber Comm. Collocated Nat'l Fiber Optics Eng. Conf. (OFC '10), 2010.
[21] Z. Zhang and Y. Yang, "Performance Analysis of Optical Packet Switches Enhanced with Electronic Buffering," Proc. IEEE Int'l Symp. Parallel and Distributed Processing, pp. 1-9, May. 2009.
[22] L. Liu, Z. Zhang, and Y. Yang, "Packet Scheduling in a Low-Latency Optical Switch with Wavelength Division Multiplexing and Electronic Buffer," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2011.
[23] L. Liu, Z. Zhang, and Y. Yang, "Pipelining Packet Scheduling in a Low Latency Optical Packet Switch," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM '11, 2011.
[24] B. Lin and I. Keslassy, "The Concurrent Matching Switch Architecture," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1330-1343, Aug. 2010.
[25] A.G.P. Rahbar and O.W.W. Yang, "Contention Avoidance and Resolution Schemes in Bufferless All-Optical Packet-Switched Networks: A Survey," IEEE Comm. Surveys and Tutorials, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 94-107, Fourth Quarter 2008.
[26] O. Rottenstreich, P. Li, I. Keslassy, and S. Kalyanaraman, "Redefining Switch Reordering," Technical Report TR11-01, Comnet, Technion, Israel, 2012.
[27] L.G. Rau and D.J. Blumenthal, "160 Gb/s Variable Length Packet 10 Gb/S-Label All-Optical Label Switching with Wavelength Conversion and Unicast/Multicast Operation," J. Lightwave Technology, vol. 23, pp. 211-218, Jan. 2005.
[28] T. Anderson, S. Owicki, J. Saxe, and C. Thacker, "High Speed Switch Scheduling for Local-Area Networks," ACM Trans. Computer Systems, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 319-352, Nov. 1993.
[29] T.G. Orphanoudakis, A. Drakos, C. Matrakidis, C. Politi, and A. Stavdas, "A Hybrid Optical Switch Architecture with Shared Electronic Buffers," Proc. IEEE Ninth Int'l Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) 2007.
[30] C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, C.T. Politi, and A. Stavdas, "Evaluation of Packet Scheduling in Hybrid Optical/Electrical Switch," Photonic Network Comm., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 92-108, Feb. 2012.
[31] N. McKeown, "The iSLIP Scheduling Algorithm for Input-Queued Switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 188-201, Apr. 1999.
[32] H.J. Chao, "Next Generation Routers," Proc. IEEE, vol. 90, no. 9, pp. 1218-1558, Sept. 2002.
[33] Y.K. Yeo, Z. Xu, D. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Wang, and T. Cheng, "High-Speed Optical Switch Fabrics with Large Port Count," Optics Express, vol. 17, no. 13, pp. 10990-10997, 2009.
[34] K. Claffy, D. Andersen, and P. Hick, "The CAIDA Anonymized 2010 Internet Traces," http://www.caida.org/data/passivepassive_2010_dataset.xml , 2013.
[35] A. Kos, P. Homan, and J. Bester, "Performance Evaluation of a Synchronous Bulk Packet Switch under Real Traffic Conditions," IEICE Trans. Comm., vol. e86-b, no. 5, pp. 1612-1624, May 2003.
53 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool