Issue No.12 - December (1976 vol.25)
D. Nitzan , Stanford Research Institute
Programmable industrial automation can help meet the socioeconomic needs for increased productivity and job enrichment in labor-intensive industries. Characterized by production flexibility and ease of setup for new products, programmable automation is especially adaptable to manufacturing a variety of products in variable lot sizes at mass-production costs. Programmable, automated hardware/software systems existing in industry today include numerical control of machine tools, computer-aided design and manufacturing, production information and control, and industrial robots. These systems are being advanced by ongoing research and development activities; one major activity entails the application of robots with sensors to material-handling, inspection, and assembly operations. The ultimate goal of programmable automation is an essentially unmanned, computer-integrated automatic factory.
Assembly, automated factory, flexible automation, industrial automation, industrial robots, material handling, machinse vision, programmable automation, robots with sensors, sensor-controlled manipulation.
D. Nitzan, C.A. Rosen, "Programmable Industrial Automation", IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol.25, no. 12, pp. 1259-1270, December 1976, doi:10.1109/TC.1976.1674593