Issue No.05 - May (1970 vol.19)
T.R.N. Rao , IEEE
In an earlier paper  a scheme for detecting errors in ADD, COMPLEMENT, SHIFT, and ROTATE operations using a residue check circuitry was presented. A scheme for error location and correction in those operations is derived by a suitable application of a code called biresidue arithmetic code described here. Any single error position can be located and also corrected by use of two residue checkers which work separately and in parallel with the arithmetic unit. The estimated cost of redundancy is approximately the same as that required for duplication of the arithmetic unit.
Biresidue codes, multiresidue codes, residue codes, self-correcting computers, separate and nonseparate residue codes, syndrome, syndrome decoder.
T.R.N. Rao, "Biresidue Error-Correcting Codes for Computer Arithmetic", IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol.19, no. 5, pp. 398-402, May 1970, doi:10.1109/T-C.1970.222937